True Intelligence for Both Monitor & Sensor

The Nellcor™ pulse oximetry system with OxiMax™ technology establishes a new milestone in patient safety monitoring that can impact clinical settings from the everyday to the extraordinary. This new sensor design helps to more effectively monitor a broader range of patients, including those who may have been difficult to monitor in the past based on certain clinical considerations.


The Nellcor™ pulse oximetry system with OxiMax™ technology takes a dramatic departure from standard pulse oximetry technology by moving signal calibration data out of the monitor and into the sensor. When the sensor calibration resided within the monitor, the sensor design had to conform to the preprogrammed data in order to calculate oxygen saturation (SpO2).

Pulse Oximetry Innovation

The OxiMax digital memory chip is embedded into the sensor that contains all the calibration and operating characteristics. This gives the monitor the flexibility to operate accurately with a diverse range of sensor designs.

This opens up a whole new world of pulse oximetry innovation that can help clinicians provide better patient care by more effectively monitoring a broader range of patients, including those who may have been difficult to monitor in the past based on certain clinical considerations.

The sensor message function provides troubleshooting tips for optimal sensor application, and the sensor event report allows alarm event history stored in the sensor to travel with the patient for quick assessment at various points of care.

The Nellcor™ pulse oximetry system with OxiMax™ technology will accommodate future sensor developments that expand clinical applications for pulse oximetry monitoring. The complete system includes Nellcor™ pulse oximetry monitors and the family of Nellcor™ SpO2 sensors with OxiMax™ technology*.

*When Nellcor™ SpO2 sensors with OxiMax™ technology are used with previous generation Nellcor™ pulse oximetry monitors and Nellcor™-compatible monitors, many features are not accessible. Because of the unique performance characteristics, the Nellcor™ forehead sensor and Nellcor™ SpO2 non-adhesive sensors do not operate with previous generation Nellcor™ pulse oximetry monitors.


Nellcor™ Pulse Oximetry Clinical Evidence Bibliography

Covidien is dedicated to delivering customers comprehensive monitoring solutions that are accurate, improve patient safety and enhance clinician efficiency. The nearly 300 studies in this bibliography highlight the benefits of Nellcor pulse oximetry in a wide variety of patients.

Our mission is to create and deliver innovative healthcare solutions, developed in ethical collaboration with medical professionals, which enhance the quality of life for patients and improve outcomes for our customers. That’s why we are dedicated to ensuring that our solutions have been tested and reviewed not only by Covidien, but also by independent, objective healthcare researchers.



Repeated-sprint performance and vastus lateralis oxygenation: Effect of limited O2 availability

Billaut F and Buchheit M

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013;23 (3): e185-93.


The effects of prolonged acute hypobaric hypoxia on novel measures of biventricular performance

Boos CJ, Hodkinson PD, Mellor A, Green NP, Bradley D, Greaves K, et al.

Echocardiography. 2013;30 (5): 534-41.


Observing the resuscitation of very preterm infants: Are we able to follow the oxygen saturation targets?

Goos TG, Rook D, van der Eijk AC, Kroon AA, Pichler G, Urlesberger B, et al.

Resuscitation. 2013;EPUB


Accuracy of Continuous Non-invasive Respiratory Rate Derived from Pulse Oximetry in Patients with High Respiratory Rates

Mestek ML, Ochs JP, Neitenbach A-M, Bergese SD and Kelley SD

Presented at the Society for Technology in Anesthesia Meeting, January 9-12, 2013. 2013;

Sustained high-altitude hypoxia increases cerebral oxygen metabolism

Smith ZM, Krizay E, Guo J, Shin DD, Scadeng M and Dubowitz DJ

J Appl Physiol. 2013;114 (1): 11-8.



Developing an algorithm for pulse oximetry derived respiratory rate (RR(oxi)): a healthy volunteer study

Addison PS, Watson JN, Mestek ML and Mecca RS

J Clin Monit Comput. 2012;26 (1): 45-51.


Right-to-left shunting in the ductus arteriosus is induced readily by intense crying and rapid postural change in neonates with meconium-stained amniotic fluid

Baba A, Ishida T, Okada M, Akazawa Y, Hirabayashi K, Saida K, et al.

Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2012 13 (1): 60-5.


Fitness to fly testing in term and ex-preterm babies without bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Bossley CJ, Cramer D, Mason B, Hayward A, Smyth J, McKee A, et al.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2012;97 (3): F199-203.


Pulse oximetry measurements in the evaluation of patients with possible thoracic outlet syndrome

Braun RM, Rechnic M and Shah KN

J Hand Surg Am. 2012;37 (12): 2564-9.


Esophageal pulse oximetry is more accurate and detects hypoxemia earlier than conventional pulse oximetry during general anesthesia

Chen G, Zhu Z, Liu J and Wei W

Front Med. 2012;6 (4): 406-10.


Change in oxygen saturation does not predict acute mountain sickness on Jade Mountain

Chen HC, Lin WL, Wu JY, Wang SH, Chiu TF, Weng YM, et al.

Wilderness Environ Med. 2012;23 (2): 122-7.


Clinical predictors and outcome of hypoxaemia among under-five diarrhoeal children with or without pneumonia in an urban hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Chisti MJ, Duke T, Robertson CF, Ahmed T, Faruque AS, Ashraf H, et al.

Trop Med Int Health. 2012;17 (1): 106-11.


Observational study of two oxygen saturation targets for discharge in bronchiolitis

Cunningham S and McMurray A

Arch Dis Child. 2012;97 (4): 361-3.


The Efficacy of Oxygen Saturation Monitoring on Neonates Immediatly after Birth

Furuta K, Kaneko M, Sameshima H and Ikenoue T

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2012;119 (Supplement 3): S804.

Use of a Low Dose Opiate/Multi Modal Analgesic Regime to Reduce Respiratory Complications in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Following Adenotonsilectomy

Hack H

Paediatric Anaesthesia. 2012;22 (9): 923-924.

Comparing peak and submaximal cardiorespiratory responses during field walking tests with incremental cycle ergometry in COPD

Hill K, Dolmage TE, Woon L, Coutts D, Goldstein R and Brooks D

Respirology. 2012;17 (2): 278-84.


Frequency and trajectory of abnormalities in respiratory rate, temperature and oxygen saturation in severe pneumonia in children

Izadnegahdar R, Fox MP, Thea DM and Qazi SA

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012;31 (8): 863-5.


Ambulatory Pulse Oximetry as a Clinical Aid in the Diagnosis of Radiation Pneumonitis

Jabbour SK, Kothadia JP, Balasubramanian S, Walker J, Haffty BG and Kim S

International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics. 2012;1 S610.

Oxygen Desaturation after Cesarean Section

Kato R and Okutomi T

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A127.

Detection of Opioid-Induced Respiratory Depression With Pulse Oximetry-Derived Respiratory Rate Monitoring

Kelley S, Neitenbach A-M, Kinney AR and Mestek ML

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A095.

Respiratory functions in adolescents hospitalized for anorexia nervosa: a prospective study

Kerem NC, Averin E, Riskin A, Tov N, Srugo I and Kugelman A

Int J Eat Disord. 2012;45 (3): 415-22.


Comparison of SpO2 to PaO2 based markers of lung disease severity for children with acute lung injury

Khemani RG, Thomas NJ, Venkatachalam V, Scimeme JP, Berutti T, Schneider JB, et al.

Crit Care Med. 2012;40 (4): 1309-16.


Apnea and oxygen desaturations in children treated with opioids after adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a prospective pilot study

Khetani JD, Madadi P, Sommer DD, Reddy D, Sistonen J, Ross CJ, et al.

Paediatr Drugs. 2012;14 (6): 411-5.


[Pethidine for labor analgesia; monitoring of newborn heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation during the first 24 hours after the delivery]

Konefal H, Jaskot B and Czeszynska MB

Ginekol Pol. 2012 83 (5): 357-62.


Pulmonary vascular distensibility predicts aerobic capacity in healthy individuals

Lalande S, Yerly P, Faoro V and Naeije R

J Physiol. 2012 590 (Pt 17): 4279-88.


Ageing and cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia

Lhuissier FJ, Canoui-Poitrine F and Richalet JP

J Physiol. 2012 590 (Pt 21): 5461-74.


Accuracy of Four Pulse Oximeters under Modified ISO 9919: Normocapnia and Hypercapnia

MacLeod DB, Ikeda K, Graham J, Cheng C and Shaw A

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A565.

Accuracy of Continuous Non-Invasive Respiratory Rate Derived From Pulse Oximetry in Obese Subjects

Mestek ML, Addison PS, Kinney AR and Kelley SD

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A561.

Accuracy of Continuous Non-invasive Respiratory Rate Derived from Pulse Oximetry in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients

Mestek ML, Addison PS, Neitenbach A-M, Bergese SD and Kelley SD

Chest. 2012;142 (4_Meeting Abstracts): 671A.

Accuracy of Continuous Non-invasive Respiratory Rate Derived from Pulse Oximetry in Congestive Heart Failure Patients

Mestek ML, Addison PS, Neitenbach A-M, Bergese SD and Kelley SD

Chest. 2012;142 (4_Meeting Abstracts): 113A.

Accuracy of Continuous Non-invasive Respiratory Rate Derived From Pulse Oximetry in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit

Mestek ML, Addison PS, Neitenbach A-M, Bergese SD and Kelley SD

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A094.

Accuracy of Continuous Non-invasive Respiratory Rate Derived from Pulse Oximetry during Coached Breathing

Mestek ML, Watson JN, Ochs JP, Neitenbach A-M and Addison PS

Presented at the Innovations and Applications of Monitoring, Perfusion, Oxygenation and Ventilation Meeting, June 29-July 1 2012. 2012;

Electrocardiogram shows reliable heart rates much earlier than pulse oximetry during neonatal resuscitation

Mizumoto H, Tomotaki S, Shibata H, Ueda K, Akashi R, Uchio H, et al.

Pediatr Int. 2012;54 (2): 205-7.


Pulse oximetry and high-dose vasopressors: a comparison between forehead reflectance and finger transmission sensors

Nesseler N, Frenel JV, Launey Y, Morcet J, Malledant Y and Seguin P

Intensive Care Med. 2012 38 (10): 1718-22.


Less Tachycardia During Transnasal Versus Conventional Gastroscopy

Neuenschwander AU, Christensen M, Schulze S, Rosenberg J and Trap R

Danish Medical Journal. 2012;59 (6): A4432.

The Prediction for Oxygen Desaturation Following Cesarean Section from Intraoperative Desaturation

Okutomi T, Kato R, Hyuga S and Hosokawa Y

Anesthesiology. 2012;117 A1052.

Increased blood glycohemoglobin A1c levels lead to overestimation of arterial oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry in patients with type 2 diabetes

Pu LJ, Shen Y, Lu L, Zhang RY, Zhang Q and Shen WF

Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012;11 110.


Resuscitation of very preterm infants with 30% vs. 65% oxygen at birth: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Rook D, Schierbeek H, van der Eijk AC, Longini M, Buonocore G, Vento M, et al.

Trials. 2012;13 65.


Determining the best method of Nellcor pulse oximeter sensor application in neonates

Saraswat A, Simionato L, Dawson JA, Thio M, Kamlin CO, Owen L, et al.

Acta Paediatr. 2012 101 (5): 484-7.


Hemoglobin desaturation after propofol/remifentanil-induced apnea: a study of the recovery of spontaneous ventilation in healthy volunteers

Stefanutto TB, Feiner J, Krombach J, Brown R and Caldwell JE

Anesth Analg. 2012 114 (5): 980-6.


Inability of single resting arterial blood gas to predict significant hypoxaemia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Trauer JM, Gielen C, Trauer T and Steinfort CL

Intern Med J. 2012;42 (4): 387-94.


An observational study to quantify manual adjustments of the inspired oxygen fraction in extremely low birth weight infants

van der Eijk AC, Dankelman J, Schutte S, Simonsz HJ and Smit BJ

Acta Paediatr. 2012 101 (3): e97-104.


New-generation pulse oximeters in extremely low-birth-weight infants: how do they perform in clinical practice?

van der Eijk AC, Horsch S, Eilers PH, Dankelman J and Smit BJ

J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2012;26 (2): 172-80.


Treatment failure among Kenyan children with severe pneumonia--a cohort study

Webb C, Ngama M, Ngatia A, Shebbe M, Morpeth S, Mwarumba S, et al.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 31 (9): e152-7.



Comparison of oxygen saturation values obtained from fingers on physically restrained or unrestrained sides of the body

Akin Korhan EA, Yont GH and Khorshid L

Clin Nurse Spec. 2011;25 (2): 71-4.


Cerebral oxygenation and oxygen extraction in the preterm infant during desaturation: effects of increasing FiO(2) to assist recovery

Baerts W, Lemmers PM and van Bel F

Neonatology. 2011;99 (1): 65-72.


Post-Partum Arterial Oxygen Saturation and Heart Rate in Healthy Term Newborns with Maternal Bonding

Bancalari A, Echeverria P, Romero L, Alvear M and Araneda H

Pediatric Academic Society. 2011;E-PAS2011446

Pulse oximetry saturation patterns detect repetitive reductions in airflow

Batchelder KA, Mannheimer PD, Mecca RS and Ojile JM

J Clin Monit Comput. 2011;25 (6): 411-8.


Which symptoms and clinical features correctly identify serious respiratory infection in children attending a paediatric assessment unit?

Blacklock C, Mayon-White R, Coad N and Thompson M

Arch Dis Child. 2011;96 (8): 708-14.


Is Supine and Upright Pulse Oximetry a Useful Screening Tool for Pulmonary Arteriovenous Venous Malformations in Children with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia?

Carpenter S and Ratjen F

Hematology Reports. 2011;3 41-42.

Prevention of retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infants through changes in clinical practice and SpO2technology

Castillo A, Deulofeut R, Critz A and Sola A

Acta Paediatr. 2011;100 (2): 188-92.


Determining the Best Method for Nellcor Pulse Oximeter Sensor Application

Dawson JA, Saraswat A, Simionato L, Thio M, Kamlin COF, Owen L, et al.

Pediatric Research. 2011;70(5) (Supplement): 631.

Comparison of Oxygen Satuation and Heart Rate (HR) Measurements from Masimo and Nellcor Pulse Oximeters in Newly Born Infants

Dawson JA, Saraswat A, Simionato L, Thio M, Owen L, Kamlin COF, et al.

Pediatric Research. 2011;70(5) (Supplement): 129.

Comparison of Oxygen Saturation and Heart Rate (HR) Measurements from Masimo and Nellcor Pulse Oximeters in Newly Born Infants

Dawson JA, Saraswat A, Simionato L, Thio M, Owen L, Kamlin COF, et al.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2011;48 65-66.

First Day of Life Pulse Oximetry Screening to Detect Critical Asymptomatic Congenital Heart Disease

Elmashad A, Kantoosh M and Hamza M

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2011;12 (3 (Suppl.)): A80.

Comparison of Forehead and Digital Oximetry in Critically Ill Shocked Patients Requiring High Dose Vasopressors

Frenel JV, Nesseler N, Morcet J, Launey Y, Seguin P and Malledant Y

Intensive Care Medicine. 2011;37 S229.

Oxygen saturation profile in healthy preterm infants

Harigopal S, Satish HP, Taktak AF, Southern KW and Shaw NJ

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2011;96 (5): F339-42.


Effects of thoracic and fine PM and their components on heart rate and pulmonary function in COPD patients

Hsu SO, Ito K and Lippmann M

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2011;21 (5): 464-72.


Resting Oxygen Saturation Was Lower in Obese Elderly People in the Cardiovascular Health Study

Kapur V, Wilsdon T, Au DH, Avdalovic M, Barr RG, Enright P, et al.

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2011;183 ((1 MeetingAbstracts)): A3640.

Comparison of pulse rate variability with heart rate variability during obstructive sleep apnea

Khandoker AH, Karmakar CK and Palaniswami M

Med Eng Phys. 2011;33 (2): 204-9.


Comparison of oxygen saturation values obtained from fingers on physically restrained or unrestrained sides of the body

Korhan EA, Yont GH and Khorshid L

Clin Nurse Spec. 2011;25 (2): 71-4.


Mechanism of greater oxygen desaturation during walking compared with cycling in patients with COPD

Mahler DA, Gifford AH, Waterman LA, Ward J, Machala S and Baird JC

Chest. 2011;140 (2): 351-8.


Effective method for screening for respiratory inhibition after crying in infants

Minowa H, Hirayama K, Bando Y, Yasuhara H and Ohgitani A

Pediatr Int. 2011;53 (2): 187-91.


The revised digital transcutaneous PCO2/SpO2 ear sensor is a reliable noninvasive monitoring tool in patients after cardiac surgery

Roediger R, Beck-Schimmer B, Theusinger OM, Rusch D, Seifert B, Spahn DR, et al.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011;25 (2): 243-9.


Determining the Best Method for Nellcor Pulse Oximeter Sensor Application

Saraswat A, Simionato LK, Dawson JA, Thio M, Kamlin O, Owen L, et al.

Pediatric Academic Society. 2011;E-PAS2011623

Pulse Oximetry During Saline Challenge in Vocal Cord Dysfunction and Airway Hyper-Responsiveness

Upward A, Pretto J and Hensley M

European Respiratory Journal. 2011;38 (55 Suppl): 2165.

Trends in Oxygen Saturation During Hypertonic Saline Challenge

Upward AL, Pretto JJ and Hensley MJ

Respirology. 2011;16 2.

Infrared Irradiation Disturbs Pulse Oxymetry Monitoring in Preterm Infants

Wald M, Schober M and Kirchner L

Intensive Care Medicine. 2011;37 S408.

Evaluation of pulse oximetry screening in Middle Tennessee: cases for consideration before universal screening

Walsh W

J Perinatol. 2011;31 (2): 125-9.


Comparison of two new generation pulse oximeters during emergency ambulance transportation

Weber U, Tomschik E, Resch I, Adelmann K, Hasun M, Mora B, et al.

Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2011;28 (2): 92-6.


Comparison of oxygen saturation values and measurement times by pulse oximetry in various parts of the body

Yont GH, Korhan EA and Khorshid L

Appl Nurs Res. 2011 24 (4): e39-43.



Anaesthesia and Ventilation Strategy in a Horse Undergoing Pulmonectomy

Bauquier SH, Dusavage S and Driessen B

Equine Veterinary Education. 2010;22 (5): 231-236.

Oxygen Saturation Monitoring in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU): Evaluation of a New Alarm Management

Brostowicz HM and Rais-Bahrami K

Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. 2010;3 (3): 201-205.

Oxygen Saturation Monitoring in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU): Evaluation of a New Alarm Management

Brostowicz HM and Rais-Bahrami K

Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. 2010;3 (2): 135-139.

Reproducibility of the 6-minute walk test for ambulatory oxygen prescription

Chatterjee AB, Rissmiller RW, Meade K, Paladenech C, Conforti J, Adair NE, et al.

Respiration. 2010;79 (2): 121-7.


Comparison of desaturation and resaturation response times between transmission and reflectance pulse oximeters

Choi SJ, Ahn HJ, Yang MK, Kim CS, Sim WS, Kim JA, et al.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2010;54 (2): 212-7.


Manual Versus Automated Detection of Oxygen Desaturation Index

Churchward T, Miles J, Sparks I, Ruehland W and Rochford P

Sleep and Biological Rhythms. 2010;8 A51.

Pulse Oximetry Evaluation in Hypoperfused ICU Patients

Delgado E, Cohen-Melamed M and Tuttle R

Respiratory Care. 2010;55 (11): 1521.

Postoperative hypoxemia: common, undetected, and unsuspected after bariatric surgery

Gallagher SF, Haines KL, Osterlund LG, Mullen M and Downs JB

J Surg Res. 2010;159 (2): 622-6.


Alternations of heart rate variability at lower altitude in the predication of trekkers with acute mountain sickness at high altitude

Huang HH, Tseng CY, Fan JS, Yen DH, Kao WF, Chang SC, et al.

Clin J Sport Med. 2010;20 (1): 58-63.


Digoxin increases peripheral chemosensitivity and the ventilatory response to exercise in normal subjects

Janssen C, Lheureux O, Beloka S, Deboeck G, Adamopoulos D, Naeije R, et al.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2010;37 (3): 303-8.


Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation during sleep at 3800 m: Relationship to acute mountain sickness and sleeping oxyhaemoglobin saturation

Johnson PL, Popa DA, Prisk GK, Edwards N and Sullivan CE

Respirology. 2010;15 (2): 277-82.


Comparison of Cerebral Oxymeter and Pulse Oxymeter Values in Asphyxiated and Non-Asphyxiated Newborns

Kirimi E, Kaya A, Peker E, Kostu M and Tuncer O

Early Human Development. 2010;86 (11 (Supplement)): S34.

Colour change in cyanosis and the confusions of congenital colour vision deficient observers

McNamara R, Taylor CM, McKenzie DK, Coroneo MT and Dain SJ

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2010 30 (5): 699-704.


Validity of arterialized earlobe blood gases at rest and exercise in normoxia and hypoxia

Mollard P, Bourdillon N, Letournel M, Herman H, Gibert S, Pichon A, et al.

Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2010;172 (3): 179-83.


SpO2 Patterns Reveal Airflow Reductions During Procedural Sedation in Patients at Risk of OSA

Overdyk FJ, Batchelder PB, Ransom DM, Replogle SL and Sigl JC

Anesthesiology. 2010;113 A1384.

Lanarkshire Oximetry Index as a diagnostic tool for peripheral arterial disease in type 2 diabetes: a pilot study

Papanas N, Kakagia D, Papatheodorou K, Papazoglou D, Alexandridou M, Pagkalos A, et al.

Angiology. 2010;61 (4): 388-91.


Speed of data display by pulse oximeters in newborns: a randomised crossover study

Pinnamaneni R, Kieran EA and O'Donnell CP

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010;95 (5): F384-5.


Oxygen saturation is not clinically useful in the exclusion of bacterial pneumonia in febrile infants

Simon LV, Carstairs KL, Reardon JM, Rudinsky SL, Riffenburgh RH and Tanen DA

Emerg Med J. 2010;27 (12): 904-6.


Analysis of SPO2 and Pao2 Correlation in Adult Patients with ALI/ARDS: A Retrospective Comparison of Two Pulse Oximetry Systems

Siobal MS and Wong J

Respiratory Care. 2010;55 (11): 1590.

Pulse oximetry using a disposable finger sensor placed on the forehead in hypoxic patients

Smithline HA, Rudnitzky N, Macomber S and Blank FS

J Emerg Med. 2010;39 (1): 121-5.


Effect of oral arginine supplementation on exhaled nitric oxide concentration in sickle cell anemia and acute chest syndrome

Sullivan KJ, Kissoon N, Sandler E, Gauger C, Froyen M, Duckworth L, et al.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2010;32 (7): e249-58.


Supplementary Oxygen Promote Hemodilution Leading to Prevent Intradialytic Hypotension

Tange Y, Isakozawa Y, Takesawa S, Migita H, Yoshitake S, Nishite Y, et al.

Blood Purification. 2010;30 (3): 229.

COPD and Cognitive Impairment: The Role of Hypoxemia and Oxygen Therapy

Thakur N, Blanc PD, Julian L, Yelin EH, Katz PP, Sidney S, et al.

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2010;181 ((1 MeetingAbstracts)): A4125.

Effect of decreasing target oxygen saturation on retinopathy of prematurity

Tlucek PS, Corff KE, Bright BC, Bedwell SM, Sekar KC and Siatkowski RM

J AAPOS. 2010 14 (5): 406-11.



Tramadol improved the efficacy of ketamine-xylazine anaesthesia in young pigs

Ajadi AR, Olusa TA, Smith OF, Ajibola ES, Adeleye OE, Adenubi OT, et al.

Vet Anaesth Analg. 2009;36 (6): 562-6.


Risk factors for extreme events in infants hospitalized for apparent life-threatening events

Al-Kindy HA, Gelinas JF, Hatzakis G and Cote A

J Pediatr. 2009;154 (3): 332-7, 337 e1-2.


The effects of airway closure in central apneas and obstructed respiratory efforts in mixed apneas in preterm infants

Al-Sufayan F, Bamehrez M, Kwiatkowski K and Alvaro RE

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2009;44 (3): 253-9.


Opioid-mediated muscle afferents inhibit central motor drive and limit peripheral muscle fatigue development in humans

Amann M, Proctor LT, Sebranek JJ, Pegelow DF and Dempsey JA

J Physiol. 2009;587 (Pt 1): 271-83.


Oral antioxidant supplementation does not prevent acute mountain sickness: double blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial

Baillie JK, Thompson AA, Irving JB, Bates MG, Sutherland AI, Macnee W, et al.

QJM. 2009;102 (5): 341-8.


Oral Placement of the PRO2 Oximeter

Berman JM

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2009;108 (S-1-S-332): S-172.

Oxygen Saturation Monitoring in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU): Evaluation of a New Alarm Management

Brostowicz H and Rais-Bahrami K

Pediatric Academic Society. 2009; E-PAS2009:399.

Cerebrovascular disease and patterns of cerebral oxygenation during sleep in elders

Carlson BW, Neelon VJ, Carlson JR, Hartman M and Dogra S

Biol Res Nurs. 2009;10 (4): 307-17.


Changes in arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)) before, during, and after meals in stroke patients in a rehabilitation setting

Chan SY and Lo RS

Dysphagia. 2009;24 (1): 77-82.


Resuscitation of preterm infants with reduced oxygen results in less oxidative stress than resuscitation with 100% oxygen

Ezaki S, Suzuki K, Kurishima C, Miura M, Weilin W, Hoshi R, et al.

J Clin Biochem Nutr. 2009;44 (1): 111-8.


Identification of patients at risk for postoperative respiratory complications using a preoperative obstructive sleep apnea screening tool and postanesthesia care assessment

Gali B, Whalen FX, Schroeder DR, Gay PC and Plevak DJ

Anesthesiology. 2009;110 (4): 869-77.


Educational Intervention for an Efficient Use of Pulse Oximetry at St. Mary's Hospital Lacor, Gulu, Uganda

Gambazza S and Zampogna E

Respiratory Care. 2009;54 (11): 654598.

Application of a shortened inhaled adenosine-5'-monophosphate challenge in young children using the forced oscillation technique

Hall GL, Gangell C, Fukushima T, Horak F, Jr., Patterson H, Stick SM, et al.

Chest. 2009;136 (1): 184-9.


Comparison of forehead Max-Fast pulse oximetry sensor with finger sensor at high positive end-expiratory pressure in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Hodgson CL, Tuxen DV, Holland AE and Keating JL

Anaesth Intensive Care. 2009;37 (6): 953-60.


Percentage of Time of Hypoxia and Hyperoxia and Retinopathy of Prematurity in VLBWs

Kaufman D, Davis M, Gurka M and Walsh B

Pediatric Academy Society. 2009;E-PAS2009:2837.328 328.

Presurgical fentanyl vs caudal block and the incidence of adverse respiratory events in children after orchidopexy

Khalil SN, Matuszczak ME, Maposa D, Bolos ME, Lingadevaru HS and Chuang AZ

Paediatr Anaesth. 2009;19 (12): 1220-5.


Pulse oximetric thresholds for tonsillectomy and adenotomy in children: significance of 1-2% decline in oxyhemoglobin saturation

Miyamoto Y, Kinouchi K, Sano M, Iguchi N, Ono R, Kitamura S, et al.

Paediatr Anaesth. 2009;19 (5): 470-6.


Saturation Pattern Detection Index for Predicting Airflow Reduction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Ojile J, Powell E, Russell K and Uhles M

European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2009;26 40.

Home High Resolution Pulse Oximetry as a Screening Tool for Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Overdyk FJ, Moore HE, Beeson H, Rust P and Gillespie MB

Anesthesiology. 2009;111 A186.

Derivation and validation of Spo2/Fio2 ratio to impute for Pao2/Fio2 ratio in the respiratory component of the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score

Pandharipande PP, Shintani AK, Hagerman HE, St Jacques PJ, Rice TW, Sanders NW, et al.

Crit Care Med. 2009;37 (4): 1317-21.


Intramuscular adrenaline does not reduce the incidence of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia in neonates delivered by elective caesarean section at term

Pedersen P, Avlund OL, Pedersen BL and Pryds O

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2009;94 (3): F164-7.


Arterial oxygen tension (Pao2) values in infants <29 weeks of gestation at currently targeted saturations

Quine D and Stenson BJ

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2009;94 (1): F51-3.


Haemoglobin oxygen saturation is a determinant of cerebral artery blood flow velocity in children with sickle cell anaemia

Quinn CT, Variste J and Dowling MM

Br J Haematol. 2009;145 (4): 500-5.


Comparing three methods of assessing peripheral perfusion in critically ill children

Ridling DA and Kroon L

Pediatr Nurs. 2009;35 (1): 11-5, 42.


Initiating delivery room stabilization/resuscitation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with an FiO(2) less than 100% is feasible

Stola A, Schulman J and Perlman J

J Perinatol. 2009;29 (8): 548-52.


How well do vital signs identify children with serious infections in paediatric emergency care?

Thompson M, Coad N, Harnden A, Mayon-White R, Perera R and Mant D

Arch Dis Child. 2009 94 (11): 888-93.


A comparison of transmittance and reflectance pulse oximetry during vascular surgery

Wax DB, Rubin P and Neustein S

Anesth Analg. 2009;109 (6): 1847-9.


Comparison of Two New-Generation Pulse Oximeters During Emergency Ambulance Transportation

Weber U, Malzer R, Hiesmayr M and Kober A

Anesthesiology. 2009;111 A738.

The Performance of Pulse Oximetry Probe in Different Sites Was Compared in a Shock Model

Wei W, Wang L and Mu L

Anesthesiology. 2009;111 A745.

Bedside algorithms for managing desaturation in ventilated preterm infants: a randomised crossover trial

Wilkinson DJ and Andersen CC

Neonatology. 2009;95 (4): 306-10.



Ankle fractures in diabetic neuropathic arthropathy: can tibiotalar arthrodesis salvage the limb?

Ayoub MA

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2008;90 (7): 906-14.


Ictal hypoxemia in localization-related epilepsy: analysis of incidence, severity and risk factors

Bateman LM, Li CS and Seyal M

Brain. 2008;131 (Pt 12): 3239-45.


Seven intermittent exposures to altitude improves exercise performance at 4300 m

Beidleman BA, Muza SR, Fulco CS, Cymerman A, Sawka MN, Lewis SF, et al.

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40 (1): 141-8.


Beta-adrenergic blockade and metabo-chemoreflex contributions to exercise capacity

Beloka S, Gujic M, Deboeck G, Niset G, Ciarka A, Argacha JF, et al.

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40 (11): 1932-8.


Maximum exercise responses of men and women mountaineering trainees on induction to high altitude (4350 m) by trekking

Bhaumik G, Dass D, Lama H and Chauhan SK

Wilderness Environ Med. 2008;19 (3): 151-6.


Comparison of finger and forehead oximetry sensors in postanesthesia care patients

Blaylock V, Brinkman M, Carver S, McLain P, Matteson S, Newland P, et al.

J Perianesth Nurs. 2008;23 (6): 379-86.


Exploratory analysis of cerebral oxygen reserves during sleep onset in older and younger adults

Carlson BW, Neelon VJ, Carlson JR, Hartman M and Dogra S

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008;56 (5): 914-9.


Effect of commercial airline travel on oxygen saturation in athletes

Geertsema C, Williams AB, Dzendrowskyj P and Hanna C

Br J Sports Med. 2008;42 (11): 877-81.


A panel study in congestive heart failure to estimate the short-term effects from personal factors and environmental conditions on oxygen saturation and pulse rate

Goldberg MS, Giannetti N, Burnett RT, Mayo NE, Valois MF and Brophy JM

Occup Environ Med. 2008 65 (10): 659-66.


Pain Reduction of Heel Stick in Neonates: Yakson Compared to Non-Nutritive Sucking

Im H, Kim E, Park E, Sung K and Oh W

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 2008;54 (1): 31-35.

Accuracy of Digit and Forehead Oximetry in Patients Receiving Therapeutic Hypothermia after Cardiac Arrest

Kupchik N

American Journal of Critical Care. 2008;17 (3): 279.

Definition of cutoff values for the hypoxia test used for preflight testing in young children with neonatal chronic lung disease

Martin AC, Verheggen M, Stick SM, Stavreska V, Oostryck J, Wilson AC, et al.

Chest. 2008;133 (4): 914-9.


Comparison of Reflective and Transmission Pulse Oximetry with Co-Oximeter Measured Oxygen Saturations in Severely Burned Children

Mlcak RP, Suman OE, Jeschke MG and Herndon DN

Respiratory Care. 2008;53 08_16.

Comparison of Pulse Oximetry Utilizing a Forehead Probe Versus Finger Probe in Patients with Lung Dysfunction Undergoing Simple Step Exercise

Mottram CD, Baumberger R, Sapan K, Shafer M, Stoffels M, Zeccardi A, et al.

Respiratory Care. 2008;53 08_46.

Pulse Oximetry Levels of Children with CP and Dysphagia before, During and after Meals: An Exploratory Study

Opperman K, Colston E, Olsson C, Raghavendra P and Stewart S

Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2008;50 (113): 35-36.

Does the monitoring method influence stability of oxygenation in preterm infants? A randomised crossover study of saturation versus transcutaneous monitoring

Quine D and Stenson BJ

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2008;93 (5): F347-50.


Daytime steady-state haemoglobin desaturation is a risk factor for overt stroke in children with sickle cell anaemia

Quinn CT and Sargent JW

Br J Haematol. 2008 140 (3): 336-9.


Mother/Infant Skin to Skin Contact at Birth: Wireless Neonatal Pulse Oxymetry Monitoring

Rimet Y, Leclaire M, Mathey C, D'Ercole C, Simeoni U, Ronayette D, et al.

Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2008;93 (2 (Suppl)): 190.

Pulse oximeter accuracy and precision affected by sensor location in cyanotic children

Sedaghat-Yazdi F, Torres A, Jr., Fortuna R and Geiss DM

Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008;9 (4): 393-7.


Low daytime pulse oximetry reading is associated with nocturnal desaturation and obstructive sleep apnea in children with sickle cell anemia

Spivey JF, Uong EC, Strunk R, Boslaugh SE and DeBaun MR

Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008;50 (2): 359-62.


Cerebral oximetry monitoring with near infrared spectroscopy detects alterations in oxygenation before pulse oximetry

Tobias JD

J Intensive Care Med. 2008 23 (6): 384-8.


Increased serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein is related to hypoxia and brain natriuretic peptide in congenital heart disease

Tomita H, Takamuro M, Soda W, Hatakeyama K and Tsutsumi H

Pediatr Int. 2008;50 (4): 436-40.


Relationship between functional residual capacity and oxygen desaturation during short central apneic events during sleep in "late preterm" infants

Tourneux P, Leke A, Kongolo G, Cardot V, Degrugilliers L, Chardon K, et al.

Pediatr Res. 2008 64 (2): 171-6.


Monitoring the SPO2 Variability of Neonates Susceptable to Retinopathy of Prematurity Using a Mofified Pulse Oximetry Data Collection System

Walsh BK, Davis M and Kaufman D

Respiratory Care. 2008;53 08_30.

Diagnostic room-air pulse oximetry: effects of smoking, race, and sex

Witting MD and Scharf SM

Am J Emerg Med. 2008 26 (2): 131-6.



Severity of arterial hypoxaemia affects the relative contributions of peripheral muscle fatigue to exercise performance in healthy humans

Amann M, Romer LM, Subudhi AW, Pegelow DF and Dempsey JA

J Physiol. 2007;581 (Pt 1): 389-403.


Clinical validation of a digital transcutaneous PCO2/SpO2 ear sensor in adult patients after cardiac surgery

Baulig W, Schutt P, Roth HR, Hayoz J and Schmid ER

J Clin Monit Comput. 2007;21 (5): 303-9.


Hemodynamic and oxygen transport patterns after head trauma and brain death: implications for management of the organ donor

Belzberg H, Shoemaker WC, Wo CC, Nicholls TP, Dang AB, Zelman V, et al.

J Trauma. 2007;63 (5): 1032-42.


Effects of age and obesity on hemodynamics, tissue oxygenation, and outcome after trauma

Belzberg H, Wo CC, Demetriades D and Shoemaker WC

J Trauma. 2007;62 (5): 1192-200.


GXT responses in altitude-acclimatized cyclists during sea-level simulation

Brothers MD, Hilger K, Carson JM, Sullivan L and Byrnes WC

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39 (10): 1727-35.


Ventilatory response to a hyperoxic test is related to the frequency of short apneic episodes in late preterm neonates

Cardot V, Chardon K, Tourneux P, Micallef S, Stephan E, Leke A, et al.

Pediatr Res. 2007;62 (5): 591-6.


Respiratory periodicity and electroencephalogram arousals during sleep in older adults

Carlson BW, Neelon VJ, Carlson JR, Hartman M and Dogra S

Biol Res Nurs. 2007;8 (4): 249-60.


Forehead reflectance oximetry: a clinical comparison with conventional digit sensors during laparotomic and laparoscopic abdominal surgery

Casati A, Squicciarini G, Baciarello M, Putzu M, Salvadori A and Fanelli G

J Clin Monit Comput. 2007;21 (5): 271-6.


Accuracy of Forehead SpO2 Monitoring in ICU Patients with Acute Respiratory Disease: A Clinical Comparison with Conventional Finger Sensors

Casati A, Squicciarini G, Spadini E, Giovanardi C and Fanelli G

European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2007;39 26.

Hemodynamic patterns preceding circulatory deterioration and death after trauma

Chien LC, Lu KJ, Wo CC and Shoemaker WC

J Trauma. 2007;62 (4): 928-32.


Dark skin decreases the accuracy of pulse oximeters at low oxygen saturation: the effects of oximeter probe type and gender

Feiner JR, Severinghaus JW and Bickler PE

Anesth Analg. 2007;105 (6 Suppl): S18-23.


Evaluation of a new pulse oximeter sensor

Fernandez M, Burns K, Calhoun B, George S, Martin B and Weaver C

Am J Crit Care. 2007;16 (2): 146-52.


Hemoximetry as the "gold standard"? Error assessment based on differences among identical blood gas analyzer devices of five manufacturers

Gehring H, Duembgen L, Peterlein M, Hagelberg S and Dibbelt L

Anesth Analg. 2007;105 (6 Suppl): S24-30.


Oxygen Supplementation Is Required in Healthy Volunteers During Bronchoscopy with Lavage

Ghio AJ, Bassett MA, Levin D and Montilla T

Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology. 2007;14 (1): 19-21.

The Inaccuracy in Oxygen Titration When Using Pulse Oximetry Compared to Measure Arterial Oxygen Saturation at 4600 Feet Altitude

Greenway LW

CHEST. 2007;132 (4): 472S-473S.

Effect of nail polish on oxygen saturation determined by pulse oximetry in critically ill patients

Hinkelbein J, Genzwuerker HV, Sogl R and Fiedler F

Resuscitation. 2007;72 (1): 82-91.


Artificial acrylic finger nails may alter pulse oximetry measurement

Hinkelbein J, Koehler H, Genzwuerker HV and Fiedler F

Resuscitation. 2007;74 (1): 75-82.


The Marked Increase of Pulse Amplitude Value Can Represent the Successful Spinal Anesthesia

Innami Y, Koitabashi T, Umemura N, Ouchi T and Tominaga A

Anesthesiology. 2007;107 A382.

A Comparison of Newer Generation Pulse Oximeters for Accuracy and Drop-out Rate in Neonatal Intensive Care

Lussky R, Cifuentes R, Kaestner K and Stanek GJ

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Academic Society. 2007;E-PAS2007:617933.16

Pulse Oximeter Accuracy: Multiple-Laboratory Evaluation

Mannheimer PD, St. John RE, Batchelder R and Gehring H

Anesth Analg. 2007;105 (6): S101.

Sleep architecture and the apnoea-hypopnoea index in children with obstructive-sleep apnoea syndrome

Matsumoto E, Tanaka E, Tabe H, Wakisaka N, Nakata Y, Ueda H, et al.

J Oral Rehabil. 2007;34 (2): 112-20.


Acute effects of vecuronium on pulmonary function and hypoxemic episodes in preterm infants

McEvoy C, Sardesai S, Schilling D and Durand M

Pediatr Int. 2007;49 (5): 631-6.


The effects of swaddling on oxygen saturation and respiratory rate of healthy infants in Mongolia

Narangerel G, Pollock J, Manaseki-Holland S and Henderson J

Acta Paediatr. 2007;96 (2): 261-5.


Continuous oximetry/capnometry monitoring reveals frequent desaturation and bradypnea during patient-controlled analgesia

Overdyk FJ, Carter R, Maddox RR, Callura J, Herrin AE and Henriquez C

Anesth Analg. 2007;105 (2): 412-8.


Accuracy of Pulse Oximeters and the Influence of Sensor Type in Induced Hypoxia

Rochford PD, Brazzale DJ, Zubrinich C and Pierce RJ

Proceeding of the America Thoracic Society Annual Meeting, 2007. A606. 2007;4 A606.

Does fingernail polish affect pulse oximeter readings?

Rodden AM, Spicer L, Diaz VA and Steyer TE

Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2007;23 (1): 51-5.


Doppler echocardiogram, oxygen saturation and submaximum capacity of exercise in patients with cystic fibrosis

Rovedder PM, Ziegler B, Pasin LR, Rampon G, Pinotti AF, de Tarso Roth Dalcin P, et al.

J Cyst Fibros. 2007;6 (4): 277-83.


Pulse-oximetery is useful in determining the indications for adeno-tonsillectomy in pediatric sleep-disordered breathing

Saito H, Araki K, Ozawa H, Mizutari K, Inagaki K, Habu N, et al.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;71 (1): 1-6.


Comparison of forehead and digit oximetry in surgical/trauma patients at risk for decreased peripheral perfusion

Schallom L, Sona C, McSweeney M and Mazuski J

Heart Lung. 2007;36 (3): 188-94.


Pulse Oximetry (POx) Screening of Term and Late Pre-Term Neonates at 4 Hours Postnatal (PN) to Detect Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease (CCHD)

Sendelbach DM, Lai S, Jackson GL, Fixler D, Stehel EK and Engle WD

Pediatric Academic Society. 2007;E-PAS2007:615896.2

Effects of formoterol on endurance performance in athletes at an ambient temperature of -20 degrees C

Tjorhom A, Riiser A and Carlsen KH

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2007 17 (6): 628-35.


Monitoring the Effectiveness of Oxygen Management Strategies Using a Modified Pulse Oximetry Data Collection System in the Neonate

Walsh BK and Kaufman D

Respiratory Care. 2007;52 07_204.


Forehead pulse oximetry: Headband use helps alleviate false low readings likely related to venous pulsation artifact

Agashe GS, Coakley J and Mannheimer PD

Anesthesiology. 2006;105 (6): 1111-6.


Comparison of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters in a Medical Intensive Care Unit

Ahrens TS and Ott K

Critical Care Medicine. 2006;34 (12): A85.

The contribution of pulse oximetry to the early detection of congenital heart disease in newborns

Arlettaz R, Bauschatz AS, Monkhoff M, Essers B and Bauersfeld U

Eur J Pediatr. 2006;165 (2): 94-8.


A Comparison of Finger and Forehead Sensors for Peripheral Oxygen Saturation Monitoring

Baciarello M, Zasa M, Squicciarini G, Cicciarella L and Casati A

Anesthesiology. 2006;105 A241.

Transcutaneous PCO2/SpO2 Measurements with a Digital Ear Sensor in Adult Patients after Cardiac Surgery

Baulig W, Schutt P and Schmid ER

European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2006;38 O-22.

Comparison of a new forehead reflectance pulse oximeter sensor with a conventional digit sensor in pediatric patients

Berkenbosch JW and Tobias JD

Respir Care. 2006;51 (7): 726-31.


Pulse Oximeter Use in Neonatal Resuscitations; a Video Analysis

Bernstein G, Rasmussen MR, Kaegi DM, Tillson PM, Stout EE, Joseph C, et al.

Pediatric Academic Society. 2006;E-PAS2006:2860.209

Comparison of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters During Routine ICU Monitoring

Branson R, Lyons E, Johannigman J, Davis K and Tsuei B

Resp Care. 2006;51 (11): 251.

Recurrent hypoxemia in children is associated with increased analgesic sensitivity to opiates

Brown KA, Laferriere A, Lakheeram I and Moss IR

Anesthesiology. 2006;105 (4): 665-9.


Accuracy of a third (Dolphin Voyager) versus first generation pulse oximeter (Nellcor N-180) in predicting arterial oxygen saturation and pulse rate in the anesthetized dog

Burns PM, Driessen B, Boston R and Gunther RA

Vet Anaesth Analg. 2006;33 (5): 281-95.


Decrease in emergency department length of stay as a result of triage pulse oximetry

Choi J and Claudius I

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 22 (6): 412-4.


Decreased accuracy of pulse oximetry measurements during low perfusion caused by sepsis: Is the perfusion index of any value?

Hummler HD, Engelmann A, Pohlandt F, Hogel J and Franz AR

Intensive Care Med. 2006;32 (9): 1428-31.


Pulse oxygen saturation in healthy newborns at term in Cusco, Peru

Hurtado A and Gonzales GF

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006;95 (2): 155-6.


Quantifying Pulse Oximeter Performance with Correlation Coefficient and Linear Regression

Ikeda K, MacLeod DB and Keifer JC

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2006;102 (S-1-S-330): S-152.

Oxygen Saturation in Neonates; Comparison of Three Different Pulse Oximeters with Arterial Measurements

Indrebo MM, Liestol K, Brundvand L and Lindermann R

Presented at the European Academy of Paediatrics, Barcelona Spain October 7-10, 2006. 2006;165 (Suppl. 1).

The spectrum of hypoxaemia in children admitted to hospital in The Gambia, West Africa

Junge S, Palmer A, Greenwood BM, Kim Mulholland E and Weber MW

Trop Med Int Health. 2006;11 (3): 367-72.


Randomized controlled trial of music during kangaroo care on maternal state anxiety and preterm infants' responses

Lai HL, Chen CJ, Peng TC, Chang FM, Hsieh ML, Huang HY, et al.

Int J Nurs Stud. 2006;43 (2): 139-46.


Pulse oximetry in very low birth weight infants: can oxygen saturation be maintained in the desired range?

Laptook AR, Salhab W, Allen J, Saha S and Walsh M

J Perinatol. 2006;26 (6): 337-41.


The Relative Delay of Pulse Oximeter Saturation to Arterial Oxygen Saturation During Hypoxia under Different Conditions

MacLeod DB, Ikeda K, Keifer J, Grant S and Breslin D

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2006;102 (S-1-S-330): S-142.

Impact of retinopathy of prematurity screening examination on cardiorespiratory indices: a comparison of indirect ophthalmoscopy and retcam imaging

Mukherjee AN, Watts P, Al-Madfai H, Manoj B and Roberts D

Ophthalmology. 2006;113 (9): 1547-52.


Survival, hemodynamics, and tissue oxygenation after head trauma

Nicholls TP, Shoemaker WC, Wo CC, Gruen JP, Amar A and Dang AB

J Am Coll Surg. 2006;202 (1): 120-30.


Pulse oximeters demonstrate different responses during hypothermia and changes in perfusion

Nishiyama T

Can J Anaesth. 2006;53 (2): 136-8.


The impact of continuous pulse oximetry monitoring on intensive care unit admissions from a postsurgical care floor

Ochroch EA, Russell MW, Hanson WC, 3rd, Devine GA, Cucchiara AJ, Weiner MG, et al.

Anesth Analg. 2006;102 (3): 868-75.


Hand pain during hand assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy--an ischemic event?

Ost MC, VanderBrink BA, Rastinehad AR, Smith AD and Lee BR

J Urol. 2006;176 (1): 149-54.


Cerebral oximetry improves detection of sickle cell patients at risk for nocturnal cerebral hypoxia

Raj AB, O'Brien L M, Bertolone SJ, Gozal D and Edmonds HL, Jr.

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2006;41 (11): 1088-94.


A prospective comparison of 3 new-generation pulse oximetry devices during ambulation after open heart surgery

Richards NM, Giuliano KK and Jones PG

Respir Care. 2006;51 (1): 29-35.


Comparison of Two Newer-Generation Pulse Oximeters in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

Sautel M

Resp Care. 2006;51 (11): 1333.

Does Machine Generated or Volunteer Generated Motion Influence Accuracy of Motion Resistant POs?

Shah N and Estanol L

Anesthesiology. 2006;105 A246.

Motion Generated by Machine Vs. By Volunteer - Does It Affect the Accuracy of Motion Resistant Pulse Oximeters?

Shah N, Patel V and Estanol L

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2006;102 (S-1-S-330): S-171-S-172.

Impact of Motion and Low Perfusion on the Performances of Three New Generation Pulse Oximeters for SpO2 and Pulse Rate in Volunteers

Shah N, Patel V and Estanol L

Anesth Analg. 2006;102 S-148.

Does Machine Generated or Volunteer Generated Motion Influence Accuracy and Recovery Time of Motion Resistant POs?

Shah NK and Estanol L

Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology. 2006;18 (4): 298.

Adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnea in obese children: effects on respiratory parameters and clinical outcome

Shine NP, Lannigan FJ, Coates HL and Wilson A

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;132 (10): 1123-7.


Outcome prediction by a mathematical model based on noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring

Shoemaker WC, Wo CC, Lu K, Chien LC, Bayard DS, Belzberg H, et al.

J Trauma. 2006;60 (1): 82-90.


Effect of peripheral vasoconstriction on pulse oximetry

Talke P and Stapelfeldt C

J Clin Monit Comput. 2006;20 (5): 305-9.


Comparison of new generation motion-resistant pulse oximeters

Townshend J, Taylor BJ, Galland B and Williams S

J Paediatr Child Health. 2006;42 (6): 359-65.


PSG Pulse Oximetry: Finger V. Forehead

Turton A, Copland J and Ho M

Sleep & Biological Rhythms. 2006;4 Supplement (1): A40-A41.

Pre-flight testing of preterm infants with neonatal lung disease: a retrospective review

Udomittipong K, Stick SM, Verheggen M, Oostryck J, Sly PD and Hall GL

Thorax. 2006;61 (4): 343-7.


Post-Operative Hypoxia Risks in Patients with Patient Controlled Analgesia after Joint Replacement

Williams MJ, Grodecki W, Restrepo C, Parvisi J and Clarke S

Anesthesiology. 2006;105 A386.


Hemoglobin oxygen saturation discrepancy using various methods in patients with sickle cell vaso-occlusive painful crisis

Ahmed S, Siddiqui AK, Sison CP, Shahid RK and Mattana J

Eur J Haematol. 2005;74 (4): 309-14.


Asthma in medium altitude--exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in hypobaric environment in subjects with asthma

Berntsen S, Stensrud T, Ingjer F, Vilberg A and Carlsen KH

Allergy. 2005;60 (10): 1308-11.


Effects of skin pigmentation on pulse oximeter accuracy at low saturation

Bickler PE, Feiner JR and Severinghaus JW

Anesthesiology. 2005;102 (4): 715-9.


Comparison of Two Oximeters on Polysomnography

Davila DG, Rice S, Marshall B and Nichols C

Sleep. 2005;28 0958.

Episodes of hypoxemia during synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation in ventilator-dependent very low birth weight infants

Firme SR, McEvoy CT, Alconcel C, Tanner J and Durand M

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2005;40 (1): 9-14.


A Comparison of Nellcor Oximax 595 and Masimo SET Oximeters in Children with Sleep Disordered Breathing

Garcia J, Sisinni S, Finkelstein M, Bauer R and Stading P

Presented at the 23rd Annual Annenberg Sleep Disorders in Infancy & Childhood Conference, January 2005; published abstracts in conference program. 2005.

Sensors and Pulse Oximetry Accuracy

Gerstmann D, Haskell R, Berg R, Brower C, Smith B, Stoddard R, et al.

Pediatric Academic Society. 2005;PAS2005:2193

Utility of the Nellcor MAX-FAST Adhesive Forehead Pulse Oximeter Sensor in Children

Halliday NJ, Acosta B, Rucekova A, Otake H, Jones J, Chin P, et al.

Society for Pediatric Anesthesia. 2005;SPA Pediatric Anesthesiology 2005 80.

Detection of a systolic pressure threshold for reliable readings in pulse oximetry

Hinkelbein J, Genzwuerker HV and Fiedler F

Resuscitation. 2005;64 (3): 315-9.


The effect of high altitude commercial air travel on oxygen saturation

Humphreys S, Deyermond R, Bali I, Stevenson M and Fee JP

Anaesthesia. 2005;60 (5): 458-60.


Chronic fatigue syndrome: assessment of increased oxidative stress and altered muscle excitability in response to incremental exercise

Jammes Y, Steinberg JG, Mambrini O, Bregeon F and Delliaux S

J Intern Med. 2005;257 (3): 299-310.


Motion Resistant Oxygen Saturation Monitoring and Polysomnography in Children: A Comparison Study

Kirk V

Sleep. 2005;28 0259.

Intra-Subject Comparison of Polysomnography and a Type 3 Portable Monitor

Kuna ST, Seeger T and Brendel M

Sleep. 2005;28 (Suppl. S): A324.

Low-impact exercise during pregnancy--a study of safety

Larsson L and Lindqvist PG

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2005;84 (1): 34-8.


Skin-to-skin contact (Kangaroo Care) analgesia for preterm infant heel stick

Ludington-Hoe SM, Hosseini R and Torowicz DL

AACN Clin Issues. 2005;16 (3): 373-87.


The effect of thoracic epidural analgesia on the occurrence of late postoperative hypoxemia in patients undergoing elective coronary bypass surgery: a randomized controlled trial

Lundstrom LH, Nygard E, Hviid LB, Pedersen FM, Ravn J, Aldershvile J, et al.

Chest. 2005;128 (3): 1564-70.


The desaturation response time of finger pulse oximeters during mild hypothermia

MacLeod DB, Cortinez LI, Keifer JC, Cameron D, Wright DR, White WD, et al.

Anaesthesia. 2005;60 (1): 65-71.


Succinylcholine dosage and apnea-induced hemoglobin desaturation in patients

Naguib M, Samarkandi AH, Abdullah K, Riad W and Alharby SW

Anesthesiology. 2005;102 (1): 35-40.


The Comparison of the Change in the Value and Pulse Waveform of Forehead-Sensing and Fingersensing Pulse Oximeter in Supine and Trendelenburg Position

Oshiro M, Kamizato K, Kakinohana M and Sugahara K

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2005;100 (S-1-S-447): S-207.

Pulse oximetry as a potential screening tool for lower extremity arterial disease in asymptomatic patients with diabetes mellitus

Parameswaran GI, Brand K and Dolan J

Arch Intern Med. 2005;165 (4): 442-6.


Unattended home sleep studies for the evaluation of suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in children

Patel A, Watson M and Habibi P

J Telemed Telecare. 2005;11 Suppl 1 100-2.


Unattended Home Oximetry Sleep Studies in Children for the Evaluation of Suspected Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS)

Patel A, Watson M and Habibi P

Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2005;90 G175.

Masimo Signal Extration Technology (SET) Does Not Offer an Advantage During Neonatal Transport

Quine D, Braithwaite I, Smith C, Armstrong L, Mitchell A, Quinn J, et al.

Pediatr Res. 2005;58 (2): 406.

Clinical correlates of steady-state oxyhaemoglobin desaturation in children who have sickle cell disease

Quinn CT and Ahmad N

Br J Haematol. 2005 131 (1): 129-34.


Monitoring carbon dioxide tension and arterial oxygen saturation by a single earlobe sensor in patients with critical illness or sleep apnea

Senn O, Clarenbach CF, Kaplan V, Maggiorini M and Bloch KE

Chest. 2005;128 (3): 1291-6.


The effect of venous pulsation on the forehead pulse oximeter wave form as a possible source of error in Spo2 calculation

Shelley KH, Tamai D, Jablonka D, Gesquiere M, Stout RG and Silverman DG

Anesth Analg. 2005;100 (3): 743-7.


The sensitivity of room-air pulse oximetry in the detection of hypercapnia

Witting MD, Hsu S and Granja CA

Am J Emerg Med. 2005 23 (4): 497-500.


Vagus nerve stimulation induces concomitant respiratory alterations and a decrease in SaO2 in children

Zaaimi B, Heberle C, Berquin P, Pruvost M, Grebe R and Wallois F

Epilepsia. 2005 46 (11): 1802-9.


Choice of oximeter affects apnea-hypopnea index

Zafar S, Ayappa I, Norman RG, Krieger AC, Walsleben JA and Rapoport DM

Chest. 2005;127 (1): 80-8.



Breathing patterns in term infants delivered by caesarean section

Bader D, Riskin A, Paz E, Kugelman A and Tirosh E

Acta Paediatr. 2004;93 (9): 1216-20.


Evaluation of the ulnopalmar arterial arches with pulse oximetry and plethysmography: comparison with the Allen's test in 1010 patients

Barbeau GR, Arsenault F, Dugas L, Simard S and Lariviere MM

Am Heart J. 2004;147 (3): 489-93.


Continuous, noninvasive, and localized microvascular tissue oximetry using visible light spectroscopy

Benaron DA, Parachikov IH, Friedland S, Soetikno R, Brock-Utne J, van der Starre PJ, et al.

Anesthesiology. 2004;100 (6): 1469-75.


Idiopathic edema is associated with obstructive sleep apnea in women

Blankfield RP, Ahmed M and Zyzanski SJ

Sleep Med. 2004;5 (6): 583-7.


Bradycardia and desaturation during skin-to-skin care: no relationship to hyperthermia

Bohnhorst B, Gill D, Dordelmann M, Peter CS and Poets CF

J Pediatr. 2004;145 (4): 499-502.


Nocturnal arterial oxygen desaturation and episodic airway obstruction after ambulatory surgery

Bowdle TA

Anesth Analg. 2004;99 (1): 70-6.


Chest physiotherapy, gastro-oesophageal reflux, and arousal in infants with cystic fibrosis

Button BM, Heine RG, Catto-Smith AG, Phelan PD and Olinsky A

Arch Dis Child. 2004;89 (5): 435-9.


Performance of Newer Generation Pulse Oximeters in Tracking Heart Rate Variability in Preterm Neonates

Deshpande G, Torres A and Hocker J

Critical Care Medicine. 2004;32 (12): A117.

Performance of Pulse Oximeters in Tracking Heart Rate Variability

Deshpande GG and Torres A

Critical Care Medicine. 2004;32 (12): A117.

Combined heart rate variability and pulse oximetry biofeedback for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: preliminary findings

Giardino ND, Chan L and Borson S

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2004;29 (2): 121-33.


Relationship between nocturnal hypoxaemia, tachycardia and myocardial ischaemia after major abdominal surgery

Gogenur I, Rosenberg-Adamsen S, Lie C, Carstensen M, Rasmussen V and Rosenberg J

Br J Anaesth. 2004;93 (3): 333-8.


Temperature threshold for burn injury: an oximeter safety study

Greenhalgh DG, Lawless MB, Chew BB, Crone WA, Fein ME and Palmieri TL

J Burn Care Rehabil. 2004;25 (5): 411-5.


The relationship between physiological and behavioral measures of stress in preterm infants

Harrison LL, Roane C and Weaver M

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2004;33 (2): 236-45.


How Artificial Nails with Applied Nail Polish Do Alter Oxygen Saturation Determined by Pulse Oximetry

Hinkelbein J, Koehler H and Fiedler F

European Journal of Anaesthesiology. 2004;32 42-43.

Body position change and its effect on hemodynamic and metabolic status

Jones AY and Dean E

Heart Lung. 2004;33 (5): 281-90.


Performance of a digital PCO2/SPO2 ear sensor

Kocher S, Rohling R and Tschupp A

J Clin Monit Comput. 2004;18 (2): 75-9.


Validation of pulse oximetry during progressive normobaric hypoxia utilizing a portable chamber

Kolb JC, Farran P, Norris SR, Smith D and Mester J

Can J Appl Physiol. 2004;29 (1): 3-15.


Reflectance pulse oximetry from core body in neonates and infants: comparison to arterial blood oxygen saturation and to transmission pulse oximetry

Kugelman A, Wasserman Y, Mor F, Goldinov L, Geller Y and Bader D

J Perinatol. 2004;24 (6): 366-71.


Potential Hazards of Lower Oxygen Saturation (SaO2) Targets in Infants with a Birth Weight <1250g

Laptook A, Allen J, Salhab W, Saha S and Walsh M

Pediatric Academic Society. 2004;PAS2004:2994

A Prospective Study Evaluating the Effect of Immunizations on Apnea and Braydcardia Spells in Premature Infants

Lussky RC, Cifuentes RF, Sneen M, Kaestner K, Abrams D and Geppert J

Journal of Perinatology. 2004;24 (9): 571-609.

Accuracy of New Motion-Resistant Pulse Oximeters During Cardiac Arrhythmia after Cardiac Surgery

Lutter N, Kozma E, Mell J and Schuettler J

Intensive Care Medicine. 2004;30 (1 Suppl): S-147.

Improved Pulse Oximeter Performance During Motion Artefact Does Not Include Increased Accuracy and Reliability During Cardiac Arrhythmia

Lutter N, Mell J, Kozma E and Schuettler J

Anesthesiology. 2004;101 A589.

The influence of larger subcutaneous blood vessels on pulse oximetry

Mannheimer PD, O NM and Konecny E

J Clin Monit Comput. 2004;18 (3): 179-88.


A Comparison of Reflective and Transmission Oximetry in Pediatric Patients with Poor Perfusion

Marcum J, Auw L, Judd J and Newth C

Respiratory Care. 2004;49 OF-04-132.

Comparison of Two 3rd Generation Pulse Oximeters in the Adult Intensive Care Unit - Respironics Novametrix Mars and Nellcor N-595 Pulse Oximeters

Mercuri L and Smith RA

Respiratory Care. 2004;49 OF-04-034.

Forehead SpO2 monitoring compared to finger SpO2 recording in emergency transport

Nuhr M, Hoerauf K, Joldzo A, Frickey N, Barker R, Gorove L, et al.

Anaesthesia. 2004;59 (4): 390-3.


The Comparison of Pulse Amplitude Variability of Forehead Sensing and Finger Sensing Pulse Oximeter During Increased Cardiac Sympathetic Activity

Oshiro M, Kamizato K, Abe S, Kakinohana M and Sugahara K

Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2004;98 (S-1-S-282): S-97.

Home Sleep Studies for Evaluation of Suspected Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome (OSAS) in Children

Patel A, Watson M and Habibi P

Thorax. 2004;59 74.

Evaluation of the Sensidyne Pulse Oximeter Sensor in Neonatal, Cardiac Patients

Raake JL and Motz A

Respiratory care. 2004;49 OF-04-158.

Evaluation of Ear Transmission and Forehead Reflectance Oximetry in Intraoperative Surgical Patients

Redford DT, Lichtenthal P and Barker SJ

Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2004;98 (S-1-S-282): S-92-93.

Clinical evaluation of the effects of signal integrity and saturation on data availability and accuracy of Masimo SE and Nellcor N-395 oximeters in children

Robertson FA and Hoffman GM

Anesth Analg. 2004;98 (3): 617-22.


The sounds of saturation

Santamore DC and Cleaver TG

J Clin Monit Comput. 2004;18 (2): 89-92.


Comparison of Reflective and Transmission Oximetry in Surgical/Trauma Patients with Poor Perfusion

Schallom L, Sona C, McSweeney M and Mazuski J

Critical Care Medicine. 2004;32 (12 (Suppl.)): 138.

Forehead is as sensitive as finger pulse oximetry during general anesthesia

Sugino S, Kanaya N, Mizuuchi M, Nakayama M and Namiki A

Can J Anaesth. 2004;51 (5): 432-6.


Response Profiles of a New Forehead Pulse Oximeter Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Takano H, Kimura TNK and Shimada Y

Anesthesiology. 2004;101 A-577.

Sleep desaturation: comparison of two oximeters

Trang H, Boureghda S and Leske V

Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004;37 (1): 76-80.


Normal polysomnographic respiratory values in children and adolescents

Uliel S, Tauman R, Greenfeld M and Sivan Y

Chest. 2004 125 (3): 872-8.


Comparative testing of pulse oximeter probes

van Oostrom JH and Melker RJ

Anesth Analg. 2004;98 (5): 1354-8.


An Industry Leader in Pulse Oximetry Providing Multiple Monitoring Solutions

For more than 30 years, clinicians have trusted the Nellcor™ brand to provide fast, accurate and consistent pulse oximetry performance across the wide range of patient needs, from neonates to adults. These traits have helped make the Nellcor brand an industry leader in pulse oximetry.