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People with cerebral palsy can treat their spasticity many ways: rehabilitation, medication, injection therapy, even surgery. There is also an implantable drug pump, which can be helpful for reducing severe spasticity and enabling some patients to live a fuller, more active life.
There is currently no cure for severe spasticity. However, there are a number of therapy options available for managing your symptoms. They include:
Rehabilitation therapy usually takes place in a clinic, a hospital, or at home. It can include any combination of physical, occupational, or speech therapy.
Oral medications may help some people control the symptoms of spasticity. Effective spasticity management may require the use of two or more drugs, or a combination of oral medications with another type of therapy.
Neurodestructive surgical procedures include selective dorsal rhizotomy, in which the dorsal (sensory) nerve roots are severed. Operations involving the nervous system (neurosurgery) and the bones, tendons, and muscles (orthopaedic surgery) are both used to treat spasticity and, in properly selected patients, can play a very important role in the control of chronic spasticity.
Injection therapy is usually intended for specific muscle groups (for example, one hand, one foot, one shoulder). Injection therapy involves the local injection of drugs to weaken or paralyse overactive muscles, and can form part of an overall management program for isolated spasticity.
Orthopaedic surgeries include soft tissue procedures like tendon transfers and osteotomies (cutting a bone to change its alignment). Operations involving the nervous system (neurosurgery) and the bones, tendons, muscles (orthopaedic surgery) are both used to treat spasticity and, in properly selected patients, can play a very important role in the management of chronic spasticity.
Intrathecal baclofen therapy (ITB) is an adjustable, reversible treatment of severe spasticity. A surgically placed pump and catheter deliver a liquid drug called baclofen directly to the fluid around the spinal cord, where it is needed the most.
This website is intended to be educational and is not to be used as a diagnostic tool. It is not intended to replace the information provided to you by your healthcare providers and does not constitute medical advice. The information may not be directly applicable for your individual clinical circumstance. Please talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.
This information is designed to provide you with helpful educational information but is for information purposes only, is not medical advice, and should not be used as an alternative to speaking with your doctor. No representation is made that the information provided is current, complete, or accurate. Medtronic does not assume any responsibility for persons relying on the information provided. Be sure to discuss questions specific to your health and treatments with a healthcare professional. For more information please speak to your healthcare professional.