Diabetes Your Health

Treatment Options

Treatment Options for Diabetes

Managing your glucose levels is the key to leading a healthy life and reducing the risk of complications from diabetes.

The main goal of diabetes management is to control your glucose levels. By taking care of your blood sugar levels, you increase your chances of living a healthy, complication-free life.

Insulin Therapy

If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin because your body does not produce this important hormone. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may one day need to take insulin. There are many ways to take insulin, including Multiple Daily Injections (MDI) or Insulin Pump Therapy.

Multiple Daily Injections (MDI)

In Australia, MDI is usually the first line of treatment and involves at least three insulin injections per day.

Insulin Pump Therapy

An insulin pump is a small electronic device, about the size of a mobile phone. It can be easily carried on a belt, inside a pocket, or even attached to a bra thus becoming virtually invisible to others and allowing a very discreet therapy.

The pump can help you more closely mimic the way a healthy pancreas functions. The pump, through a Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion (CSII), replaces the need for frequent injections by delivering precise doses of rapid-acting insulin 24 hours a day to closely match your body's needs. Adult studies1show that insulin pump therapy can achieve better glucose control than conventional insulin injection regimens for people with type 1 diabetes.

More: What is Insulin Pump Therapy?

More: Life with Type 1 Diabetes

More: Insulin Pumps

Type 2 Diabetes

The first step in treating Type 2 diabetes is to establish a healthy diet and exercise regime. If this is insufficient to manage the condition, oral medication or insulin may be prescribed.

More: Life with Type 2 Diabetes

More: Hear Pat's Story



Pickup JC, Sutton AJ. Severe hypoglycaemia and glycaemic control in Type 1 diabetes: meta-analysis of multiple daily insulin injections compared with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (review). Diabetic Medicine. 2008;25:765.

Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.