INDICATIONS, SAFETY, AND WARNINGS Evera MRI ICD Systems
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I contenuti presenti nella pagina che segue contengono informazioni rivolte esclusivamente agli OPERATORI SANITARI, in quanto si riferiscono a prodotti rientranti nella categoria dei dispositivi medici che richiedono l’impiego o l’intervento da parte di professionisti del settore medico-sanitario.
The Evera MRI™ SureScan™ defibrillation system is MR Conditional and, as such is designed to allow patients to be safely scanned by an MRI machine when used according to the specified MRI conditions for use. When programmed to On, the MRI SureScan feature allows the patient to be safely scanned while the device continues to provide appropriate pacing.
The Evera MRI SureScan defibrillation system is indicated to provide ventricular antitachycardia pacing and ventricular defibrillation for automated treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. In addition, the dual chamber devices are indicated for use in the above patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias, or those patients who are at significant risk of developing atrial tachyarrhythmias.
A complete SureScan defibrillation system is required for use in the MR environment, which is an Evera MRI SureScan ICD device with a SureScan defibrillation lead in the right ventricle and if using a dual chamber ICD, a SureScan atrial pacing lead. When a single coil SureScan defibrillation lead is used, a Medtronic DF-1 pin plug must be secured in the SVC port to make a complete SureScan DF-1 defibrillation system. To verify that components are part of a SureScan system, visit www.mrisurescan.com. Any other combination may result in a hazard to the patient during an MRI scan.
The Evera MRI SureScan system is contraindicated for patients experiencing tachyarrhythmias with transient or reversible causes including, but not limited to, the following: acute myocardial infarction, drug intoxication, drowning, electric shock, electrolyte imbalance, hypoxia, or sepsis. The device is contraindicated for patients who have a unipolar pacemaker implanted. The device is contraindicated for patients with incessant VT or VF. For dual chamber devices, the device is contraindicated for patients whose primary disorder is chronic atrial tachyarrhythmia with no concomitant VT or VF. For single chamber devices, the device is contraindicated for patients whose primary disorder is atrial tachyarrhythmia.
Changes in patient’s disease and/or medications may alter the efficacy of the device’s programmed parameters. Patients should avoid sources of magnetic and electromagnetic radiation to avoid possible underdetection, inappropriate sensing and/or therapy delivery, tissue damage, induction of an arrhythmia, device electrical reset, or device damage. Do not place transthoracic defibrillation paddles directly over the device.
Patients and their implanted systems must be screened to meet the following requirements for MRI: no implanted lead extenders, lead adaptors, or abandoned leads; no broken leads or leads with intermittent electrical contact as confirmed by lead impedance history; a SureScan defibrillation system implanted in the left or right pectoral region; pacing capture thresholds of ≤ 2.0 V at a pulse width of 0.4 ms; no diaphragmatic stimulation at a pacing output of 5.0 V and at a pulse width of 1.0 ms in patients whose device will be programmed to an asynchronous pacing mode when MRI SureScan is programmed to On.
Patients may be scanned using a horizontal field, cylindrical bore, clinical 1.5T or 3T MRI system for hydrogen proton imaging, maximum spatial gradient ≤ 20 T/m, and maximum gradient slew rate performance per axis ≤ 200 T/m/s. 1.5T scanners must be operated in Normal Operating Mode (whole body averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) ≤ 2.0 W/kg, head SAR ≤ 3.2 W/kg). 3T scanners must be operated in First Level Controlled Operating Mode or Normal Operating Mode. B1+RMS must be ≤ 2.8 μT when the isocenter (center of the bore) is inferior to the C7 vertebra. Scans can be performed without B1+RMS restriction when the isocenter is at or superior to the C7 vertebra.
Continuous patient monitoring is required while MRI SureScan is programmed to On. While MRI SureScan is programmed to On, arrhythmia detection and therapies are suspended, leaving the patient at risk of death from untreated spontaneous tachyarrhythmia. In addition, if the device is programmed to an asynchronous pacing mode, arrhythmia risk may be increased.
Potential complications include, but are not limited to, rejection phenomena, erosion through the skin, muscle or nerve stimulation, oversensing, failure to detect and/or terminate tachyarrhythmia episodes, acceleration of ventricular tachycardia, and surgical complications such as hematoma, infection, inflammation, and thrombosis. Other potential complications related to the lead may include lead dislodgement, lead conductor fracture, insulation failure, threshold elevation, or exit block.
The SureScan system has been designed to minimize potential complications in the MRI environment. Potential MRI complications include, but are not limited to, lead electrode heating and tissue damage resulting in loss of sensing or capture or both, or MR-induced stimulation on leads resulting in continuous capture, VT/VF, and/or hemodynamic collapse.
See the MRI SureScan Technical Manual before performing an MRI Scan and Device Manual for detailed information regarding the implant procedure, indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, and potential complications/adverse events. For further information, please call Medtronic at 1-800-328-2518 and/or consult the Medtronic website at medtronic.com or mrisurescan.com.
Caution: Federal law (USA) restricts this device to sale by or on the order of a physician.
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