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World Stroke Day 2022
To access the most effective treatment, it’s key that the cause of a stroke is identified quickly. Learn how you can act FAST
To help individuals survive and recover effectively from a stroke, they need to get the best treatment quickly. That’s why this European Stroke Day, we’re not just raising awareness of the causes and types of stroke, but the most effective treatments too. That way, we can all work together to ensure more people survive and recover from stroke.
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is suddenly blocked by a clot (ischemic stroke) or is weakened, causing bleeding (haemorrhagic stroke). This means that blood supply is reduced, leading to brain cell and tissue damage. Depending on the severity of the stroke, a number of functions in the body can be effected or it can prove fatal.
There are lots of reasons why a stroke (or a mini-stoke) may occur. The narrowing and hardening of arteries caused by aging, certain medical conditions, or lifestyle factors is one of the main risk factors for stroke.
A blood clot forms in the brain vessels, blocking the flow of blood and oxygen.
When a blood vessel bursts or partially ruptures, damaging brain cells and causing swelling.
The cause of this type of stroke is usually unknown.
To survive and recover from a stroke, getting the right treatment quickly is key. Each minute of delay results in an estimated loss of 1.9 million neurons, which, over the course of an hour without treatment, can be roughly compared to 3.6 years of normal brain ageing.2
See below for the signs and symptoms to look out for in those suffering from a stroke to help you act FAST.
Does one side of the face droop or go numb?
Ask the person to smile.
Is one arm weak or numb?
Does the arm drift downward?
Ask the person to raise and move both arms.
Is speech slurred? Are they unable to speak or find something you say difficult to understand?
Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence.
If the person shows any of these symptoms,
even if they go away, call emergency services
and get them to a hospital immediately.
Approximately 2 in 10 stroke patients3 could be suitable for thrombectomy and this has been proven to be highly effective in helping individuals recover.4 As a result of this, it’s considered to be a European Stroke Association (ESO) Gold Standard treatment.4
A meta-analysis of the five landmark trials showed that 46% of patients who had a thrombectomy experienced good outcomes, including quicker recovery times and reduced disability, compared to 26.5% who received only standard medical treatment.5
To make sure you and your loved ones can access this life-saving treatment in the event of an ischemic stroke, ask your surgeon or doctor about thrombectomy treatments.