Doctor and patient discuss the patient's condition

Cautions on Medical Procedures

Severe Spasticity

Always call your managing clinician before you have a medical test, medical procedure, or dental work. There may be precautions or guidelines to follow before, during, or after the procedure. Here are some examples.

MRI

Before having an MRI, contact your doctor for special precautions. The scanning machine should not use more than 3 Tesla.

The MRI will cause your pump to temporarily stop delivering the drug. An alarm may sound. The pump is designed to start operating normally again after the MRI is over. Your doctor must check your pump after an MRI to confirm it has restarted and is working properly.

Diagnostic Ultrasound

Electromagnetic interference from diagnostic ultrasound (for example, a carotid scan or Doppler study) is not likely to affect your baclofen pump. To minimise potential image distortion, the transducer must be kept 6 inches away from the pump.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Before treatment with a hyperbaric chamber, discuss the effects of high pressure with your doctor. A hyperbaric chamber is used to treat wounds that are not healing, bone infections, and tissue damaged by radiation. Do not have hyperbaric oxygen therapy at a pressure above 2.0 atmospheres. As pressure increases, pump flow decreases. You may receive too little or no medication, which may lead to a return of underlying symptoms, drug withdrawal symptoms, or a clinically significant or fatal drug underdose. To minimise damage to the pump when hyperbaric treatment is required, your doctor should fill the pump to capacity and maintain the current infusion prescription prior to exposure to hyperbaric conditions.

For more information about medical procedures with a pump, consult the Patient Manual.


The Medtronic baclofen pump is part of the Synchromed® Infusion System, which delivers the drug called Lioresal® Intrathecal (baclofen injection) for ITB TherapySM, a treatment for severe spasticity. Please read the following important safety information about ITB Therapy.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR ITB THERAPY (Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy)

Please follow your doctor's instruction closely because a sudden stop of intrathecal baclofen therapy can result in serious baclofen withdrawal symptoms such as high fever, changed mental status, muscle stiffness, and in rare cases may result in loss of function of many vital organs and death. It is very important that your doctor be called right away if you experience any of the above symptoms.

It is important for you to keep your scheduled refill visits so you don't run out of medication (baclofen) and to know the early symptoms of baclofen withdrawal. Some patients are at more risk than others for baclofen withdrawal; speak with your doctor about this.

People who suffer from severe spasticity resulting from cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, stroke, brain injury, or spinal cord injury may be candidates for ITB Therapy. If you have spasticity due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis, you may be considered for ITB Therapy if oral baclofen has not controlled your spasticity or has resulted in serious side effects that you cannot accept. If you suffered a brain injury due to trauma you must wait until one year after the injury to be considered for ITB Therapy. A trial of ITB Therapy will help to show if ITB Therapy can help you. You should not receive ITB Therapy if you have an infection, are allergic to baclofen, or your body size is too small for the implantable pump.

The implanted pump and catheter (tube that delivers the drug from the pump to the fluid around the spinal cord) are placed under the skin during a surgery. Some complications that you may experience with the surgery include infection, meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain and central nervous system), spinal fluid leak, paralysis, headache, swelling, bleeding, and bruising.

The most common and/or serious drug-related side effects of ITB Therapy include loose muscles, sleepiness, upset stomach, vomiting, headaches, and dizziness. Failure of the pump placed under your skin may cause symptoms due to overdose (receiving too much) or underdose (receiving too little) of intrathecal baclofen. The signs and symptoms of overdose include drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, respiratory depression (difficulty breathing), hypothermia (lower than normal body temperature), seizures, loss of consciousness, and coma. Once the infusion system (the pump and the catheter) is implanted, possible complications include unintended movement of the catheter or pump within the body or breakdown of the skin over the pump. The catheter could leak, tear, kink, or become disconnected from the pump, resulting in underdose or no baclofen infusion. Symptoms of underdose include an increase or return in spasticity, itching, low blood pressure, lightheadedness, and tingling sensation. These symptoms are often early signs of baclofen withdrawal. The pump could stop because the battery has run out or because of a problem with one or more of its inner parts. The pump will sound an alarm when the pump needs to be filled with baclofen, replaced, or if there is a problem with the pump. You or your caregiver should always inform any healthcare personnel that you have an implanted infusion system before any medical or diagnostic procedure such as MRI or diathermy.


Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.