Table 1. Incidence of asynchrony by condition and mode measured in percentage of patients with asynchrony in greater than 10% of total breaths.

Citation Number of Participants Condition Mode % of patients with asynchrony index* > 10
Blanch 2015([FOOTNOTE=Blanch L, Villagra A, Sales B, et al. Asynchronies during mechanical ventilation are associated with mortality. Intensive care medicine. 2015;41(4):633-641.],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=906058]) 50 ICU Invasive Ventilation > 24 hrs PCV, PSV, VCV 12
Carlucci 2013([FOOTNOTE=Carlucci A, Pisani L, Ceriana P, Malovini A, Nava S. Patient-ventilator asynchronies: may the respiratory mechanics play a role? Critical care (London, England). 2013;17(2):R54.],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=956126]) 69 ICU Invasive Ventilation > 24 hrs NIV, PSV 30
Robinson 2013([FOOTNOTE=Robinson BR, Blakeman TC, Toth P, Hanseman DJ, Mueller E, Branson RD. Patient-ventilator asynchrony in a traumatically injured population. Respiratory care. 2013;58(11):1847-1855. ],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=1203233]) 35 Trauma SIMV, PSV 25.7
Vignaux 2009([FOOTNOTE=Vignaux L, Vargas F, Roeseler J, et al. Patient-ventilator asynchrony during non-invasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure: a multicenter study. Intensive care medicine. 2009;35(5):840-846.],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=603142]) 60 Acute respiratory failure (acute chronic respiratory failure, pneumonia, post-extubation, pulmonary edema, postoperative, thoracic trauma) NIV mode - ICU Ventilator 43
Vignaux 2010([FOOTNOTE=Vignaux L, Tassaux D, Carteaux G, et al. Performance of noninvasive ventilation algorithms on ICU ventilators during pressure support: a clinical study. Intensive care medicine. 2010;36(12):2053-2059.],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=1203239]) 65 Acute respiratory failure (acute episode of chronic pulmonary disease, NIV after extubation, pneumonia, post-operative, pulmonary edema) NIV mode - ICU Ventilator 38
Thille 2006([FOOTNOTE=Thille AW, Rodriguez P, Cabello B, Lellouche F, Brochard L. Patient-ventilator asynchrony during assisted mechanical ventilation. Intensive care medicine. 2006;32(10):1515-1522.],[ANCHOR=View Abstract],[LINK=/content/covidien/websites/medtronic/com/en/covidien/support/clinical-evidence.html?id=805246]) 62 ICU Invasive Ventilation > 24 hrs ACV, PSV 24

*Asynchrony Index (expressed in percentage) = number of asynchrony events/total respiratory rate (ventilator cycles +wasted efforts)×100

Acronyms
ACV Assist-control Ventilation
NIV Non-invasive Ventilation
PCV Pressure-control Ventilation
PSV Pressure-support Ventilation
VCV Volume-control Ventilation