CLINICAL OUTCOMES: Patients who undergo minimally invasive CABG with Medtronic products have shorter hospital stays and return faster to daily living.1 Studies suggest patients who undergo minimally invasive spinal surgery experience less blood loss,4,5 have shorter hospital stays,4,5 and are walking earlier4 than patients who undergo traditional procedures.
SOCIETAL IMPACT: By making surgeries less invasive, we can help patients get back to being productive members of society faster.
NEW APPLICATIONS FOR OUR LIFE-CHANGING TECHNOLOGY
Deep Brain Stimulation
The underlying concept of our DBS Therapy (deep brain stimulation) is to
electrically stimulate a specific part of the brain to control symptoms of certain movement and psychiatric disorders, giving this pioneering technology vast
potential. Medtronic first introduced DBS Therapy in 1997 as a treatment
for essential tremor. Since then, we’ve further developed DBS Therapy to treat additional conditions, and we continue to pursue even more.
DBS Therapy Indications
Medtronic offers deep brain stimulation systems that are approved for:
- Managing symptoms of essential tremor, which include a rhythmic trembling of the arm
- Managing symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, which include tremor or shaking, slow movement, and/or stiffness
- Managing symptoms of dystonia,* which include involuntary muscle contractions that cause repetitive movements or abnormal postures
- Providing some relief from the recurrent, unwanted thoughts and/or repetitive behaviors of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)*
*Humanitarian Device: The effectiveness of this device for the treatment of dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder has not been demonstrated.
How it Works
Medtronic DBS Therapy is an adjustable and reversible treatment for symptoms of certain movement and psychiatric disorders. It uses a surgically implanted device, similar to a heart pacemaker, to deliver mild electrical pulses to precisely targeted areas of the brain. The stimulation can be programmed and adjusted by a trained clinician to maximize symptom control and minimize side effects. Patients also have a small hand-held controller that allows them to turn the system on and off, and in some cases, adjust their own stimulation settings within a range set by their doctor.
This story recounts the experience of one patient who is receiving Medtronic Deep Brain Stimulation Therapy to reduce some of the movement-related symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Please bear in mind that the experiences are specific to this particular person.
I have had Parkinson’s disease since I was 43. At that time, I had my own recruitment company and I was working really hard. After I was diagnosed, I gradually started losing my strength, and after 7 years I was forced to give up work. I had always been greatly involved with my job. It gave me status and recognition, and suddenly I was nothing.
Painting had always been an interest of mine. I did it before getting into the recruitment business. So, without a job I took up painting again. I devoted all my spare time to it, painting every day and sometimes even at night. As soon as my Parkinson’s medications started working, I went to my workshop. Painting soon became more than a passion: it was a reason to live. Putting on exhibits was also very important to me; it got me recognized and respected by my peers. When I paint, I devote myself to it completely; my mind empties of worries, so I think only of the colors and the composition. I am very lucky to have rediscovered an activity that I feel good about, and that allows me to fight the disease better.
Then in 2005, when medication stopped working so well, my “good” time for painting kept shrinking. I spent more time lying on the sofa, watching television, and listening to audio books, because even holding a book had become difficult.
My doctor told me about Medtronic DBS Therapy. I knew it was a surgical procedure, and because I have a
cautious personality, I was afraid. But I saw no alternative.
Then I received Medtronic DBS Therapy and, thanks to that procedure, I have returned to an almost normal life. I now have more strength and energy to paint and exhibit my pictures. I am really happy to see that they give pleasure to people.
Risks of the Procedure and Stimulation
DBS Therapy requires brain surgery. Risks of brain surgery may include serious complications such as coma, bleeding inside the brain, seizures, and infection. Some of these may be fatal. Once implanted, the system may become infected, parts may wear through your skin, and the lead or lead/extension connector may move. Medtronic DBS Therapy could stop suddenly because of mechanical or electrical problems. Any of these situations may require additional surgery or cause your symptoms to return.
Medtronic DBS Therapy may cause worsening of some motor symptoms associated with your movement disorder, and may cause speech and language impairments. Stimulation parameters may be adjusted to minimize side effects and attain maximum symptom control. In patients receiving Medtronic DBS Therapy, depression, suicidal thoughts, and suicide have been reported. Occurrence of “fall” has also been reported in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Medtronic invited this patient to share her story candidly. Not everyone who receives Medtronic DBS Therapy will receive the same results as the individual in this story; some people may experience significant symptom relief from DBS Therapy, and others may experience minimal symptom relief. Talk to your doctor to determine if Medtronic DBS Therapy is right for you.
This therapy is not for everyone. Please consult your physician. A prescription is required. For a complete list of adverse events that have been associated with the therapy, please refer to Important Safety Information for movement disorders.
We’re conducting early-stage research that involves monitoring brain signals to understand how chronic, neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease change activity in the brain. This knowledge would help physicians better manage patient conditions and could someday lead to new therapies.
Medtronic’s pioneering DBS Therapy — which delivers electrical pulses to targeted areas of the brain to control symptoms of certain movement and psychiatric disorders — has vast potential beyond the applications used today.
- CLINICAL OUTCOMES: In the past 20 years, Medtronic DBS Therapy has benefited more than 80,000 patients worldwide with certain movement or psychiatric disorders who experienced inadequate responses to first-line therapies, such as medication.
- SOCIETAL IMPACT: Medtronic DBS Therapy may offer patients with Parkinson's disease or essential tremor greater freedom in their daily living.