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IBDs consist of Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) which are chronic diseases characterized by repetitive episodes of inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.1
IBDs can affect men and women of all ages but are most commonly diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 40.1
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are differentiated by their location and depth of involvement in the bowel wall1. Both diseases are progressive, hence the importance of early diagnosis and management2, and could be managed by one or a combination of Medications and surgery.1
It is worth noting that Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are different from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is known as spastic colon or nervous stomach and, unlike IBDs, it doesn’t inflame or damage the intestines.1
The IBD symptoms vary from person-to-person and may depend on what part of the bowel is affected by the inflammation.1,4,5
Main symptoms could include