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What Causes IBD?

The following factors could contribute to IBDs4,7

A family history of IBDs increase an individual’s risk of developing IBD

A family history of IBDs increase an individual’s risk of developing IBD

Immune reactions to viruses or bacteria could cause inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract

Immune reactions to viruses or bacteria could cause inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract

Smoking has been shown to be strongly linked to Crohn’s disease (CD)

Smoking has been shown to be strongly linked to Crohn’s disease (CD)


How are IBDs diagnosed?

Diagnosing inflammatory bowel disease (IBDs) requires a combination of clinical, laboratory and imaging findings.4

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Laboratory tests

Blood tests

  • CBC (Complete Blood Count)
  • ESR (Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate)
  • CRP (C-Reactive Protein)

Stool tests

  • Fecal Calprotectin
ibd imaging tests icon

Imaging tests

  • Colonoscopy (Endoscopic examination of the large bowel with a camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus
  • X-ray
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging 
  • Double Contract Barium Enema: x-rays of the colon and rectum are taken with a liquid containing barium which is put into the rectum to make the structures easier to see

How can IBDs be managed?

An IBD specialist would recommend one or a combination of the following management options, depending on the disease severity and patient condition.6

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Medications

can help control inflammation and symptoms

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Surgery

could be curative with Ulcerative colitis and is common to manage Crohn's complications 

Seek an IBD specialist now