Enables minimally invasive surgery for smaller incisions and typically shorter hospital stays.1,2,3
Kantelhardt SR, Martinez R, Baerwinkel S, Burger R, Giese A, Rohde V: Perioperative course and accuracy of screw positioning in conventional, open robotic-guided and percutaneous robotic-guided, pedicle screw placement. Eur Spine J 20:860–868, 2011.
Keric N, Eum DJ, Afghanyar F, Rachwal-Czyzewicz I, Renovanz M, Conrad J, et al: Evaluation of surgical strategy of conventional vs. percutaneous robot-assisted spinal transpedicular instrumentation in spondylodiscitis. J Robot Surg 11:17–25, 2017.
Kim, H.J., Jung, W.I., Chang, B.S., Lee, C.K., Kang, K.T., and Yeom, J. S. (2016), A prospective, randomized, controlled trial of robot-assisted vs freehand pedicle screw fixation in spine surgery, Int J Med Robotics Comput Assist Surg, doi: 10.1002/rcs.1779.