CONDITIONS ASSOCIATED WITH SACROILIAC JOINT PAIN
Several medical conditions affecting the sacroiliac (SI) joint can lead to pain:
- Adjacent segment disease – The level above or below a segment that was successfully fused in a prior spinal fusion surgery can break down and cause pain
- Ankylosing spondylitis – A rheumatologic disorder of the spine causing inflammation that can eventually lead the joints to become fused, leading to stiffness and reduced range of motion (known as ankylosis). It also frequently affects the hips and other peripheral joints
- Degenerative osteoarthritis – Arthritis in the SI joint caused by “wear and tear”
- Degenerative sacroiliitis – Inflammation of one or both sacroiliac joint caused by changes to the joints over time
- Sacroiliac joint infection – A bacterial or viral infection causing inflammation and possibly tissue damage
- Sacroiliac joint inflammation
- Leg length discrepancy – Differences between the length of each leg
- Ligamentous laxity – Loosening of the ligaments which may lead to excess motion
- Sacroiliac joint disruption – Abnormal motion in the sacroiliac joint, either too much motion or too little motion
- Structural pelvic asymmetry – Asymmetric (uneven) positioning of bony landmarks on the two sides of the pelvis
- Trauma – An event such as a motor vehicle accident or fall which causes damage to the SI joint
The best treatment for sacroiliac pain depends on your unique situation. Discuss treatment options with your doctor.
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