FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS DBS THERAPY FOR OCD
There is no cure for obsessive-compulsive disorder* at this time. DBS Therapy may treat some of the symptoms of OCD but does not cure the underlying condition. If stimulation is discontinued, symptoms will likely return.
The Reclaim™ DBS system consists of the following implanted components:
Sometimes called a “brain pacemaker,” the neurostimulator produces the electrical signals needed for stimulation. These electrical pulses are delivered through the extension and lead to the targeted areas in the brain. The pulses can be adjusted wirelessly to check or change the neurostimulator settings.
Depending on your body build, the neurostimulator may be noticeable as a small bulge under the skin. It typically isn't noticeable under clothes. There also may be a slight bump on the top of your head, but it usually isn't visible under hair.
Most people spend a couple of days at the hospital. Healing can take several weeks. You will have pain medications for any discomfort you may have at the incision sites.
Medtronic provides safe† access to MRI anywhere on the body with some Medtronic DBS systems under certain conditions — giving your doctor an important tool for diagnosis. Some Medtronic DBS devices may remain on, when programmed to certain conditions, while you have an MRI. You may take comfort in knowing that the device can remain on (if programmed to the right settings) to control your symptoms. This may allow the quality of the image to be improved if the movement symptoms related to the disease are reduced.
You must inform the doctor who manages your Medtronic DBS Therapy that an MRI examination has been prescribed for you. Your doctor needs to determine what type of MRI scan you are eligible to receive. Depending on what kind of Medtronic DBS system components that you have implanted, you may be eligible for one of the following types of MRI scans:
Before your MRI appointment always read the MRI examinations section of your patient manual.
Consult your doctor before engaging in any medical treatment or diagnostic test (for example, mammograms, electrocautery, MRI, or heart defibrillation). Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT), Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), and diathermy (deep heat treatment) should not be permitted under any circumstances. Refer to Important Safety Information.
Your clinician programs your stimulation levels wirelessly. The process is a noninvasive way of adjusting stimulation to meet your symptom control needs.
Medtronic started developing deep brain stimulation in 1987 and has been the leader in the field ever since. Your Medtronic DBS will be backed by our decades of research, innovation, and experience.
Medtronic DBS Therapy is currently approved to treat Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, and as a Humanitarian Device to treat dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Since 1997, more than 150,000 patients worldwide have received Medtronic DBS Therapy.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Medtronic DBS Therapy in 2009 as a Humanitarian Use Device for OCD. A Humanitarian Use Device is intended to benefit patients by treating or diagnosing a disease or condition that affects fewer than 7,000 new people in the United States each year.
The FDA reviewed the safety of Medtronic DBS Therapy for OCD and determined that the probable health benefits outweigh the risks of injury or illness from its use. Efficacy of treatment (effectiveness) has not been established by large clinical trials. Surgery to implant the system can only be performed in a medical center whose institutional review board has approved use of the device.
The total cost varies significantly. Please contact your healthcare provider for an estimate of the costs associated with DBS Therapy.
Coverage for Reclaim™ DBS Therapy is typically made on a case-by-case basis by Medicare, Medicaid, and private payers. Humanitarian Use Devices are eligible for Medicare coverage if the treatment is provided by a site that has institutional review board approval. Please contact your insurance company to see if your health plan provides coverage.
Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.
Humanitarian Device: Authorized by Federal (U.S.A.) law for use as an adjunct to medications and as an alternative to anterior capsulotomy for treatment of chronic, severe, treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adult patients who have failed at least three selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). The effectiveness of this device for this use has not been demonstrated.