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Implantable Pulse Generators (IPGs) are indicated for rate adaptive pacing in patients who may benefit from increased pacing rates concurrent with increases in activity. Pacemakers are also indicated for dual chamber and atrial tracking modes in patients who may benefit from maintenance of AV synchrony. Dual chamber modes are specifically indicated for treatment of conduction disorders that require restoration of both rate and AV synchrony, which include various degrees of AV block to maintain the atrial contribution to cardiac output and VVI intolerance (e.g., pacemaker syndrome) in the presence of persistent sinus rhythm. See device manuals for the accepted patient conditions warranting chronic cardiac pacing. Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) is indicated for termination of atrial tachyarrythmias in patients with one or more of the above pacing indications. For the MR-conditional IPGs, a complete SureScan™ pacing system, which consists of an approved combination (see http://www.mrisurescan.com/) MRI SureScan device with SureScan lead(s), is required for use in the MR environment.
IPGs are contraindicated for concomitant implant with another bradycardia device and concomitant implant with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. There are no known contraindications for the use of pacing as a therapeutic modality to control heart rate. The patient’s age and medical condition, however, may dictate the particular pacing system, mode of operation, and implant procedure used by the physician. Rate-responsive modes may be contraindicated in those patients who cannot tolerate pacing rates above the programmed Lower Rate. Dual chamber sequential pacing is contraindicated in patients with chronic or persistent supraventricular tachycardias, including atrial fibrillation or flutter. Asynchronous pacing is contraindicated in the presence (or likelihood) of competition between paced and intrinsic rhythms. Single chamber atrial pacing is contraindicated in patients with an AV conduction disturbance. Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) therapy is contraindicated in patients with an accessory antegrade pathway.
Changes in a patient’s disease and/or medications may alter the efficacy of the device’s programmed parameters. Patients should avoid sources of magnetic and electromagnetic radiation to avoid possible underdetection, inappropriate sensing and/or therapy delivery, tissue damage, induction of an arrhythmia, device electrical reset, or device damage. Do not place transthoracic defibrillation paddles directly over the device.
For MR-conditional IPG Systems, before performing an MRI scan, refer to the SureScan pacing system technical manual for additional information. Patients and their implanted systems must be screened to meet the MRI Conditions of Use. Do not scan patients who do not have a complete SureScan pacing system consisting of an approved combination MRI SureScan device with SureScan lead(s); patients who have broken, abandoned, or intermittent leads; or patients who have a lead impedance value of < 200 Ω or > 1,500 Ω.
Potential complications include, but are not limited to, rejection phenomena, erosion through the skin, muscle or nerve stimulation, oversensing, failure to detect and/or terminate arrhythmia episodes, and surgical complications such as hematoma, infection, inflammation, and thrombosis.
SureScan systems have been designed to minimize potential complications in the MRI environment. Potential MRI complications include, but are not limited to, lead electrode heating and tissue damage resulting in loss of sensing or capture or both, or induced currents on leads resulting in continuous capture, VT/VF, and/or hemodynamic collapse.
See the device manual for detailed information regarding the implant procedure, indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, and potential complications/adverse events. For further information, please call Medtronic at 1-800-328-2518 and/or consult the Medtronic website at www.medtronic.com.
Caution: Federal law (USA) restricts these devices to sale by or on the order of a physician.