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Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterised by involuntary muscle contractions. These contractions force certain parts of the body into repetitive, twisting movements or painful postures that may interfere with everyday functions like walking, sleeping, eating, and talking. Primarily a hereditary condition, dystonia is the third most common movement disorder, following essential tremor and Parkinson’s disease.1
There are two types of dystonia:
Dystonia is further classified by the part of the body that is affected:
Although the causes of dystonia are unclear, primary dystonia is mainly hereditary. Generalised dystonia is considered the most difficult form of dystonia to live with and to treat.
Although dystonia has no cure, there are a number of treatments available for finding relief. Deep brain stimulation therapy may be an option if the patient have chronic, intractable (drug refractory) primary dystonia. Talk to a doctor about which treatments may work best.
This information is designed to provide you with helpful educational information but is for information purposes only, is not medical advice, and should not be used as an alternative to speaking with your doctor. No representation is made that the information provided is current, complete, or accurate. Medtronic does not assume any responsibility for persons relying on the information provided. Be sure to discuss questions specific to your health and treatments with a healthcare professional. For more information please speak to your healthcare professional.