Open hernia repair surgery: The hernia is repaired through a cut (incision) in the abdomen. Open surgery is effective and has been done for many years.
Minimal invasive surgery or laparoscopic hernia repair: This is another method for hernia repair in adults. A surgeon inserts a thin, lighted scope through a small incision in the abdomen. Surgical tools to repair the hernia are inserted through other small incisions in the abdomen. Laparoscopic hernia surgery may have some advantages over open surgery in certain cases.