When ovarian cancer first develops, it might not cause any noticeable symptoms. Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:1
If there is reason to suspect you have ovarian cancer based on your symptoms and/or physical exam, your doctor will order some tests to check further and refer you to a gynecological oncologist who is specialized on cancer.
The gynecological oncologist will then perform:
With the help of these examinations, the doctor will be able to identify the cancer stage which will determine the treatment.
Treatment for Ovarian Cancer will include surgery and/or chemotherapy and/or Immunotherapy.1
The stage of the cancer will determine which organs the surgeon will remove and how the surgery will be performed, either through an abdominal cut (laparotomy) for advanced stages or through small keywhole cuts (laparoscopy) for early cancer stages.2
Treating cancer by using chemical substances including anti-cancer drugs.
Modern therapies based on complex genetic testing. The therapy is always individual.
1. Ovarian cancer - Symptoms and causes. (2021, August 31). Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ovarian-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20375941
2. Roett MA, Evans P. Ovarian cancer: an overview. Am Fam Physician. 2009 Sep 15;80(6):609-16. PMID: 19817326.
3. NHS website. (2022a, February 15). Tests and next steps. Nhs.Uk. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/ovarian-cancer/tests-and-next-steps/