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LEARN ABOUT VARICOSE VEINS VENOUS REFLUX DISEASE

Understand why varicose veins
aren't just a cosmetic issue.

VARICOSE VEINS

Varicose veins are often misunderstood as simply a cosmetic issue, but when left untreated, they can progress into a more serious condition of venous reflux disease or chronic venous insufficiency (CVI).1


VENOUS REFLUX DISEASE

Healthy leg veins have valves that keep blood flowing to the heart. Venous reflux disease develops when the valves stop working properly and allow blood to flow backward (i.e., reflux) and pool in the lower leg veins. 

Healthy and Diseased Varicose Veins

Symptoms3

  • Varicose veins
  • Aching
  • Swelling
  • Cramping
  • Heaviness or tiredness
  • Itching
  • Restlessness
  • Open skin sores

Risk Factors2

  • Family history
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Trauma
  • Prolonged Standing
  • Obesity or excess weight
  • Current or previous pregnancies
  • Smoking

TREATMENT

The goal of treatment for venous reflux disease, which causes varicose veins, is to reduce or stop the backward flow of blood.

The following may be prescribed to treat your varicose veins. Your doctor can help you decide which treatment is best for you:

  • Compression stockings
  • Removing diseased vein
  • Closing diseased vein (through thermal or  non-thermal  treatment)

With proper treatment, the progressive symptoms of venous reflux disease are preventable.

Without treatment, signs and symptoms may progress and significantly impact quality of life, and lead to venous leg ulcers.



1

Eberhardt R, J Raffetto. Chronic Venous Insufficiency. Circulation. 2005;111:2398-2409.

2

Venous Disease Coalition. “Chronic Venous Insufficiency | Venous Disease Coalition.” Venous Disease Coalition | Promoting Public Health Professional Awareness of Venous Disease. Venous Disease Coalition, 19 June 2010. Web. 09 Aug. 2011.

3

Chronic Venous Insufficiency.” Vascular Web. Society For Vascular Surgery, Jan. 2011. Web. 17 Aug. 2011. http://www.vascularweb.org/vascularhealth/Pages/chronic-venous-insufficiency.aspx.