Annual Cost of Managing
Most common side effects are temporary and include mild pain or skin inflammation at or near the stimulation site.
Restored bladder function is defined as a measurable reduction in urinary frequency and/or urinary incontinence episodes following treatment.
Gorina Y, Schappert S, Bercovitz A, et al. Prevalence of incontinence among older Americans. Vital Health Stat 3. 2014;(36):1-33
Urinary Incontinence in the Long-Term Care Setting. Clinical Practice Guideline. AMDA. 2012. Pgs1-48
Hu TW, Wagner TH, Bentkover JD, et al. Costs of urinary incontinence and overactive bladder in the United States: a comparative study. Urology. 2004 Mar;63(3):461-5.
Kobashi K, Margolis E, Sand P, et al. Prospective Study to Evaluate Quality of Life with Percutaneous Tibial Neuromodulation in Drug- Naïve Patients with Overactive Bladder Syndrome. Presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the International Continence Society.